October in Chemistry
Links in these month-by-month files are revised only yearly, when the events are posted on This Week in the History of Chemistry. Click here to view principal sources.
- Walter Baird born 1908: analytical instrument maker; founded Baird corporation now part of Thermo Electron Corporation, Elemental Analysis.
- Alexis Thérèse Petit born 1791: specific heats of solids (law of Dulong and Petit)
- William Ramsay born 1852: co-discoverer of neon (Ne, element 10), argon (Ar, 18), krypton (Kr, 36), and xenon (Xe, 54); isolated helium (He, 2); made a place for the noble gases in the periodic table; study of radium emanation (radon) and its production of helium; Nobel Prize, 1904. (Read a prediction of the discovery of neon or an account of the discovery of argon by his collaborator, Lord Rayleigh or his Gases of the Atmosphere.)
- John Ross born 1926: kinetics and thermodynamics of nonlinear systems far from equilibrium; complex reaction mechanisms.
- Alexander Robertus Todd born 1907: nucleotides and coenzymes; Nobel Prize, 1957
- Hermann Emil Fischer born 1852: synthesis of sugars and their stereochemistry (Fischer projections), uric acid, caffeine, and other organic compounds; Nobel Prize, 1902
- Max von Laue born 1879: X-rays and crystal structure (Laue method); Nobel prize (Physics), 1914. View chapters in Fifty Years of X-Ray Diffraction, edited by P. P. Ewald, describing Laue's discovery and subsequent developments of it, as well as biographical information on Laue.
- Pierre-Joseph Macquer born 1718: research on arsenates and platinum. View his Dictionary of Chemistry (1766) [Volume 2 and Volume 3] or read a couple of its entries or his Elémens de chymie pratique in English.
- Peter Mansfield born 1933: magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), an application of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) to medical imaging; Nobel Prize (Medicine), 2003.