This page was last updated:
January 14, 2023
Syllabus Spring 2022
“Neuroscience is by far the most exciting branch of science because the brain is the most fascinating object in the universe. Every human brain is different - the brain makes each human unique and defines who he or she is.” Stanley Prusiner (Nobel Prize Winner)
Email AddressOffice Hours
Reilly Hall 222
webpage: http://www.hevern.com = http://web.lemoyne.edu/~hevern/
Mon 3:45-4:50; Tue 2:30-4:00 pm & by appointment via Zoom or in person or, even, via email.
James W. (2019). Biological
ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth/CENGAGE.
Format of Course
lectures will be held in person in Grewen Hall 207
(unless at some point the college changes how we
will respond to the pandemic).
Lecture Notes, Schedule, Syllabus. My complete lecture notes for each class and an outline of each lecture (or a PowerPoint presentation) will be posted online via my faculty webpage [http://www.hevern.com = http://web.lemoyne.edu/~hevern/]. The class schedule and assigned readings are also found there. Finally I also include a copy of this syllabus in pdf form. Lecture notes will be available by the morning of the assigned class.
|College COVID-19 Guidelines||At the end of
this syllabus, I have provided a copy of the two-page
official college policy statement about dealing with
COVID-19 for the Spring, 2023 semester. Please read
through those guidelines.
NOTE: Our best hope to avoid unsafe health will be for all of us jointly to follow the guidelines. I will ask any student in class who is not properly wearing his or her mask to adjust it.
|A study of the relationship of the
brain and body to behavior. Emphasis is on the central
nervous system. Topics include neuroanatomy, neural cell
processes, hemispheric functions, hormonal regulation of
behavior, physiological mechanisms involved in
attention, arousal and sleep, and the neural bases of
emotions learning and memory and psychological
disorders. Prerequisites: PSY 101 or permission of the
This upper-level course is designed primarily for psychology majors as a general survey of psychology from the neuroscientific, physiological or biological perspective. It has been designed under the conviction that no psychologist can think of serving productively within the many specialties of the discipline over the next decades without a competent and broad understanding of the functioning of the central nervous system.
At the end of this course, students are expected to be able to demonstrate
Your job as a student in this course is to attend classes regularly. As noted earlier, both research and my experience over almost 4 decades of teaching come to a fundamental conclusion: STUDENTS NEED TO ATTEND CLASSES REGULARLY IN ORDER TO LEARN. I will expect that you will be in class on a regular basis.
Your are expected to
participate in class by joining in each of the three
weekly class lectures.
What about absences, that is,
your not participating in the class lecture?
Normally I require students to miss no more than 5
classes (5 "cuts") without a serious or compelling
reason. Examples of a serious &
compelling reason for additional absences must be a
documented visit to a physician's office or
participation at a funeral. If you are absent from
school to attend a funeral, you must file a notice
with either the Dean's Office or the Campus Ministry
you become sick and expect to be out of class for 3
or more days or if you are required to quarantine
yourself, you are supposed to contact the Student
Health Services office: (315) 445-4440 Email:
firstname.lastname@example.org. Note, because of HIPPA
rules, the college will notify your professors if
you are absent BUT THEY ARE NOT ALLOWED TO TELL YOUR
INSTRUCTORS WHY YOU ARE ABSENT.
you are absent from my class for more than one day,
you need to send me (and your other teachers) an
email to explain why you were missing, particularly
if your reason relates to sickness.
will try to be understanding about absences. The
pandemic has been a difficult experience for many of
us. However, if you feel some mild symptoms of an
illness in the morning, come to class wearing a
absences above the 5 cuts that have not been
documented, I reserve the right to lower your final
grade. Out of the total of 500 points across the
semester that students are evaluated on, I reserve
the right to deduct up to 5 points for each
who have more than 10 absences in the semester (that
is, more than 25% of all classes) put themselves in
danger of failing.
|Observance of Religious Holidays
||As provided in
New York State Education Law Section 224-a, any student
who is unable to register for class, attend class, or
participate in any examination, study or classwork
requirements on a particular day because of his or her
religious beliefs is eligible for an equivalent
opportunity to register for classes or make up any
missed examination, study, or classwork requirements,
without penalties or additional fees. Students who
require such an opportunity must contact the registrar
(for registration) or their instructor (for examination,
study or classwork requirements) at least two weeks in
advance. A full copy of the College's policy on the
observance of religious holidays can be found at either
|Reading Assignments||When you come to class, I expect
that you will be prepared. This means that you will have
completed the readings assigned for the class.
Assignments are due on the first date indicated for each
topic on the accompanying "Schedule
of Classes and Assignments".
|Course Tests||Four (4) summary examinations will
be given in this course as noted on the accompanying "Schedule of Classes and
Assignments". Each test will be worth 22.5% of
your final grade. Absence from any exam without proof
that attendance at that exam was extremely difficult or
impossible will result in a grade of F for that
examination. Ordinarily such proof would require
authorization from the Dean of Students, a signed
explanation by a physician, or the like. A "made-up"
exam may include both a written and an oral section.
Tests are only given on scheduled dates; there are no
Note that Test #4 is given during "Finals Week." However, it is not a final exam. Rather it is just the fourth of the class period tests and, thus, the time limit for this test will be 60 minutes rather than 2 1/2 hours if it were an actual final exam.
The Le Moyne College Student Handbook describes a broad range of behavioral expectations and guidelines for students. You should be aware of the importance of ethical behavior as you begin the study of psychology.
Psychologists are expected to
follow the guidelines of the American Psychological
Association in regard to their professional conduct.
These norms can be found online at <http://www.apa.org/ethics/>.
| (1) Dealing
with Personal Issues arising from class
This is an undergraduate course in biological psychology; you are not finishing a postdoctoral fellowship at Upstate Hospital's Neurology Service. Even though we will discuss many issues involving the relationship between the brain and behavior, you will not be in a position to "diagnose" the problems of another person (including yourself). Beware of the "Harvard Medical School Syndrome" which involves 1st year medical students who become convinced that they "have" any number of illnesses covered in their Introductory Pathology class.
If any material in this
course evokes difficulties or unease in you, please
feel free to consult me confidentially. It is
conceivable that we may discuss medical or other
materials which mirror what you may be experiencing in
your own family. Perhaps, some family member faced an
illness or problem in the past and you are still upset
about this. Perhaps you yourself have faced the issue.
I would like to be able to help you find ways of
coping with such matters.
with Personal Problems
encounter personal problems of any kind,
especially problems that might affect their
academic performance, are encouraged to contact the
Wellness Center for Health and Counseling (https://www.lemoyne.edu/Student-Life/Student-Services/Wellness-Center).
The Center is located in Romero Hall; appointments
may be arranged by phone at 445-4195. The Center
provides both individual and group counseling on a
strictly confidential basis. The professional staff is
also available on an emergency basis. When the Wellness
Center is closed, for example, at night, the Le Moyne
Security office (315-445-4444 or ext. 4444 on campus)
can contact the professional staff for an
Le Moyne subscribes to the My SSP online 24/7 service. You can contact My SSP at this link, or download the My SSP app, or call 1-866-743-7732. As their site explains: "Call. Chat. Anytime. Anywhere. My SSP connects students with free, confidential emotional health and wellbeing support conveniently available 24/7 via the app, telephone and web."
|(3) Disabilities or Special Needs||Your access in
this course is important. Any student who feels s/he may
need an accommodation based on the impact of a
disability should contact the instructor privately to
discuss your specific needs. You should also meet with
someone from Disability Support Services (DSS) about
your disability and accommodation needs. The DSS
office is located on the first floor of the library
(315-445-4118; email@example.com). This should take place
within the first 2 weeks of the semester.
|(4) Issues of Cheating and Plagiarism||
Cheating and lying are unacceptable at Le Moyne as stated clearly under "Academic Standards" in the Student Handbook. Plagiarism or cheating in any form is simply wrong. Please reread the section on "Academic Standards" in the Student Handbook to review what is meant by these terms.
Recall that plagiarism involves the submission of any thoughts or formulations of other people without their being cited or given credit for those thoughts/formulations. For this reason, in any written materials submitted to me:
|(5) Confidentiality and Sensitive Matters||It
is possible that we may discuss materials in class that
elicit autobiographical statements of some depth and
sensitivity from a class member. You are responsible for
maintaining the confidentiality of classroom matters
that involve another student who speaks about any
personal experience or difficulty (unless that student
openly gives you permission to break the confidence).
Similarly, I should tell you that, to illustrate a
point, I will make statements in class from time to time
which involve my past contact with clients in my
professional work. In all instances, such
statements will disguise or otherwise alter the identity
of that client so that, while the educational point of
the statement will be true, some essential personal
fact(s) about the client will be false. I
will regularly distort descriptions of any past
|(6) Privacy, Copyright, & In
students and I have an expectation that classroom
discussions and presentations are meant only for class
participants. We also have a reasonable expectation that
students and the instructor will respect each others'
privacy including, as noted earlier, maintaining
confidentiality about personal matters discussed in
The college's policy is that students must receive written permission from an instructor before sharing or posting in any other location any recording of class lectures or distributing comments or discussion materials involving the instructor or any students in the class. The penalties for unauthorized recording, sharing, distribution or retention of materials may range up to expulsion from the college. Note that this policy is college-wide, that all my own class lectures and presentations are Copyright © 2023 by me, and that violation of this policy allows me to penalize an offender with a failing mark in the course.
|Components of Final Grade||
Your grade in this course
will be determined as a weighted average calculated
from your performance on the following five evaluative
components which add up to a total of 500 points.
|Conversion Criteria in Grading||Your
final grade will be based upon the following conversion
criteria (as the sum of all of your work):
|Class Participation and Discussions||
What do I mean by participation? You demonstrate participation in ways such as the following:
In general, a participation
grade of A- or A is given to students who make
contributions (asking questions, making observations,
etc.) in at least half the classes. A participation
grade of B or B+ is given to students who make
contributions at least once in every 5 to 6
Students can receive "extra
credit" according to the following two options
Option A: Substituting for
One Low Exam Grade
Students may read one
non-fiction book directly related to the issue of
brain and behavior. Preference is given for the books
of Dr. Oliver Sacks, Dr. Temple Grandin, or Dr.
Alexander Luria. Until his death in 2015 Dr. Sacks was
a famous neurologist who has worked with people with
brain injury. He has written a number of books which
are excellent adjunct readings to the materials of
this course. In order to gain extra credit, you would
be expected to read the book and write a 5 to 10 page
book review (typed with according to APA standards as described here).
See me if you elect to take this option. The
grade on this option can then substitute for the
lowest grade on any of the exams. The
titles of suggested books are:
Note, though, that I am open
to your reading books by other authors which are
primarily focused upon issues of biological
psychology/psychiatry and its application to
understanding human behavior.
For a more detailed
description of what I want you to do for Option A,
please go to this
Option B: Participation in
Other Extra Credit Opportunities
When psychology students
and/or faculty members conduct research and call for
participation, I will announce such an opportunity and
will grant participants in such an experience 5 points
of extra credit (up to a total of 10 points in all for
A parallel opportunity may
arise if there is a lecture that is particularly
relevant for this course. In such a case, I will
announce the opportunity to attend and gain extra
|"Early Tests"||A test is never
given before or in anticipation of its scheduled date.
|Please Note...||Students have the right to
voice opinions contrary to those offered by the
instructor and/or other students. Equally, a faculty
member has the right - and the
- to ensure that all academic discourse occurs
in a context characterized by respect and civility.
The accepted level of civility would not include
attacks of a personal nature or statements denigrating
another on the basis of race, sex, religion, sexual
orientation, age, national/regional origin or other
such factors. Students who are not respectful, not
civil, or disruptive in any way may be asked to leave
|Bias-Related Incidents||Le Moyne College
defines a bias-related incident as behavior that
constitutes an expression of hostility against the
person or property of another because of the targeted
person’s race, religion, sexual orientation, ethnicity,
national origin, gender, age, or disability.
Bias-related incidents include, but are not limited to,
non-threatening name calling and using degrading
language or slurs that are directed toward a
person because of his or her membership or perceived
membership in a protected class and that create a
hostile environment for that person.
Students who believe they have experienced bias or discrimination are encouraged to report the incident. Please refer to Le Moyne’s Bias-Related Incident Reporting webpage to submit a report and for further information.
believe they have been harassed, discrimination against,
or involved in sexual violence should contact the
Title IX Coordinator (315-445-4278) for information
about campus resources and support services,
including confidential counseling services.
Le Moyne faculty are concerned about the well-being and development of our students and we are available to discuss your concerns. As faculty, we are obligated to share information with the College’s Title IX coordinator to help ensure that the student’s safety and welfare are being addressed, consistent with the requirements of the law. These disclosures include, but are not limited to, reports of sexual assault, dating violence, domestic violence, and stalking.
Please refer to Le Moyne's Sexual Misconduct Resources webpage for contact information and further details.
for the Spring 2023
Overview. The following information describes the health and safety guidelines for in-person classes and classrooms, which are subject to change1. The College may adjust health and safety protocols pending prevalence of the COVID-19 virus and its transmissibility on campus, in Onondaga County, and/or the State of New York. Please note, given the dynamic nature of the coronavirus, all students, faculty, and staff are expected to monitor campus email announcements for policy updates.
Summary of Key Classroom Health and Safety Protocols:
Viral Transmission Levels. The NYS Department of Health has adopted and implemented guidelines provided by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The CDC monitors levels of community viral transmission of the coronavirus by tracking case numbers for each county and state as well as measures the impact of COVID-19 illness on health and healthcare systems. Community levels are classified as low, medium, or high. The CDC provides guidance for the implementation of COVID-19 prevention strategies for each community level and within the context of each community’s vaccination coverage. For example, when the COVID-19 community level is low, members of the Le Moyne community may not be required to wear a face covering indoors. However, when the COVID-19 community level is high, CDC guidance prevention steps indicate that individuals wear a face covering in public indoor settings regardless of vaccination status. Additionally, the CDC recommends that fully vaccinated individuals may choose to wear a face covering regardless of the level of transmission, particularly if they are immunocompromised or at increased risk for severe disease from COVID-19, or if they have someone in their household who is immunocompromised, at increased risk of severe disease or not fully vaccinated. As a caring community, the College respects and supports individuals who choose to wear face coverings.
College Face Covering Requirement. As we enter deeper into the winter months, transmission levels and hospitalizations are relatively stable in our local community and on campus. And, vaccination rates are high among members of the campus community. Within the aforementioned context, the face covering requirement for the college community is as follows. At this time, with the exception of the following spaces and circumstances, face coverings will continue to not be required to be worn in most areas of the campus. However, appropriate2 face coverings are required to be properly worn (i.e., covering both mouth and nose) by all persons, regardless of vaccination status, until further notice,
In the following spaces:
a. In the Wellness Center for Health and Counseling;
b. In all College office, recreational, and residential spaces that request face coverings be worn;
c. In all instructional spaces (including classrooms and labs) where an instructor requests that face coverings be worn;
d. When holding meetings in tight spaces; and,
e. When required by event organizers for specific talks, lectures, performances, services, and similar events.
Therefore, instructors may require that face coverings be worn properly by all persons in their classrooms or labs. At this time, face coverings are optional in classes and labs if not explicitly required by the instructor.
In the following circumstances:
b. Any individual who was exposed to someone with COVID-19 in the last 10 days should wear an appropriate2 and well-fitting mask around others on campus, at home and in public for 10 days (where day 0 is the last day of exposure).
c. Any individual who has tested positive for COVID-19, who has completed five days of isolation and has been fever-free for at least 24 hours should wear an appropriate2 and well-fitting mask around others on campus, at home and in public for 10 days (where day 0 is the day symptoms started or the day when tested positive if asymptomatic).
Additionally, members of the campus community should continue to carry their face covering with them should they need to put one on.
Covid-19 Vaccine and Boosters. All undergraduate and graduate students (together with faculty, staff, and administrators) were required to have the COVID-19 vaccine by the start of fall semester classes As part of the College’s strategy to reduce the risk of transmission and serious illness, Le Moyne highly recommends that all eligible undergraduate and graduate students remain up to date on their COVID-19 booster vaccinations as well.
Medical or Religious Exemption. Students may request a medical or religious exemption from vaccination. Please contact the Office of Student Development at firstname.lastname@example.org for an application.
Approved Student Absences from Class. Students are expected to attend classes in-person as scheduled and require appropriate approval to be excused from in-person classes. Students may be excused from attending in-person classes for short-term absences due to illness such as colds or the flu, accidents, or quarantine/isolation from a confirmed COVID infection. Students who must miss class for illness should follow the Policy on Student Absenteeism in the Event of Illness or Accident, which stipulates that, “It is the student’s responsibility to contact his or her instructors, as soon as possible, to explain the absence and make arrangements for the completion of missed work or tests.” If illness or injury requires more than three consecutive days of hospital or home care, Health Services needs to be informed [(315) 445-4440]. If the student has been treated by a doctor off campus, some documentation from that office will be expected. Health Services will then notify the Registrar who will inform the student’s instructors, advisor, and the appropriate academic dean.
COVID-19 Symptoms. Regardless of vaccination status, students who are experiencing COVID-19-related symptoms must not attend class and are encouraged to contact the Student Health Center [email@example.com, (315) 445-4440] or their primary medical provider. COVID-19-related symptoms may include one or some combination of the following:
Finally, in keeping with our values as a Jesuit college, each member of the community is expected to act honestly and ethically regarding both their vaccination status and any experienced COVID-19-related symptoms. Further, each member of the community is expected to take care of not only their own health, but to be mindful of the health of others and to avoid actions that may jeopardize the health and welfare of those we learn, work and live with at the College. A well-vaccinated and attentive community better protects the vulnerable among us and loved ones at home.
 For example, should the CDC determine that Onondaga County’s COVID-19 community level is medium, and the medium community level is sustained, then the College at a minimum may require face coverings in all academic and event spaces. Additionally, should the CDC determine that Onondaga County’s COVID-19 community level is high, and the high community level is sustained, then the College at a minimum may require face coverings in all public indoor settings and/or require screening testing. Additionally, the College’s policies remain subject to public health orders issued by the Onondaga County Health Department and New York State Department of Health, and will be adjusted if directed by public health authorities.
 Appropriate and recommended face coverings include N95, KN95 or KF94 respirators, surgical masks, and face coverings made of at least two layers of cloth. Above all else, a snug fit (no gaps, wired nose bridge, adjustable ear loops), offers the best protection to the user and the community. Most importantly, face coverings with an exhalation/release valve, single-layer gaiter-style neck fleeces, and bandanas should NOT be worn on campus.