Louis Bernard Guyton de Morveau, Antoine Lavoisier, Claude-Louis Bertholet, and Antoine de Fourcroy

A Dictionary of the New Chymical Nomenclature

from Method of Chymical Nomenclature (Paris, 1787); translated by James St. John (London, 1788), pp. 105-176. (Click here for a note from the transcriber.)
[p. 105]


New NamesAncient Names
ACETATS SALTS formed by the union of the acetic acid or radical vinegar, with different bases
Acetat aluminous, or
Acetat of alumine
Acetat ammoniacal, or
Acetat of ammoniac [1]
[p. 106]
Acetat of arsenic
Acetat of barytes
Acetat of bismuth
Acetat of cobalt
Acetat of copper
Acetat of gold
Acetat of iron
Acetat of lead
Acetat of lime
Acetat of magnesia
Acetat of manganese
Acetat of mercury
Acetat of molybden
Acetat of nickel
Acetat of platina
Acetat of potash
[p. 107]
Acetat of silver
Acetat of soda
Acetat of tin
Acetat of tunstein
Acetat of zink
Acetites Salts formed by the union of the acetous acid, or distilled vinegar, with different bases
Acetite aluminous Acetated clay
Acetite ammoniacal Mindererus's spirit
Acetite of antimony
Acetite of arsenic
Acetite of barytes
Acetite of bismuth
Acetite of cobalt
Acetite of copper Crystals of Venus
Acetite of gold
Acetite of iron
Acetite of lead Sugar of lead
Super-acetated lead
[p. 108]
Acetite of lime
Acetite of magnesia Acetous salt of magnesia
Acetite of manganese
Acetite of mercury Foliated earth of mercury
Acetite of molybden
Acetite of nickel
Acetite of platina
Acetite of potash Foliated earth of tartar
Acetite of silver
Acetite of soda Mineral foliated earth
Acetite of tin
Acetite of tunstein
Acetite of zink Acetous salt of zink
Acid acetic Radical vinegar
Spirit of Venus
Acid acetous Acetous acid
Distilled vinegar
Acid arsenic Arsenical acid
Acid benzoic Acid of Benjamin
[p. 109]
Acid benzoic sublimated
Flowers of Benjamin
Acid boracic Volatile narcotic salt of vitroil [sic; should be vitriol]
Sedative salt, acid of borax
Acid bombic Acid of silk worms
Acid carbonic Gas Sylvestre, of Van Helmont
Spiritus Sylvestris
Fixed air, of Dr Black
Aerial acid
Atmospheric acid
Mephitic acid
Cretaceous acid
Acid of charcoal
Acid citric Lemon juice
Acid fluoric Fluoric acid
Acid of spar
Acid formic Formic acid, acid of ants
Acid gallic Astringent principle
Gallic acid
Acid lactic Sower whey, galactic acid
Acid lithic Acid of bezoar
Lithiasic acid
Acid malic Acid of apples
Mulusian acid
Acid molybdic Acid of molybden
Acid of wolfram
Acid muriatic Acid of sea-salt
Smoking spirit of salt
Marine acid
[p. 110]
Acid muriatic oxygenated
Dephlogisticated marine acid
Aerated marine acid
Acid nitrous Phlogisticated nitrous acid
Smoking nitrous acid
Smoking spirit of nitre
Acid nitric White nitrous acid
Degazated nitrous acid
Dephlogisticated nitrous acid
Acid nitro-muriatic Aqua regia
Regaline acid
Acid oxalic Acid of sorrel
Saccharine acid
Acid of sugar
Acid phosphorous Volatile phosphoric acid
Acid phosphoric Acid of phosphorus
Acid Prussic Coloring matter of Prussian blue
Acid pyro-ligneous Empyreumatic acid spirit of box
Acid pyro-mucous Spirit of honey, of sugar, &c
Acid pyro-tartareous Spirit of tartar
Acid saccho-lactic Acid of the sugar of milk
Acid sebacic Acid of fat
Acid succinic Volatile salt of amber
Acid of amber
[p. 111]
Acid sulphureous
Sulphureous acid
Volatile sulphureous acid
Phlogisticated vitriolic acid
Spirit of sulphur
Acid sulphuric Acid of sulphur
Vitriolic acid
Oil of vitriol
Spirit of vitriol
Acid tartareous Acid of tartar
Acid tunstic Acid of tungstein
Acid of wolfram
Affinity Affinity
Aggregation Aggregation
Air atmospherical Atmospherical air
Alkalies Alkalies in general
Alcohol Spirit of wine
Ardent spirits
Alcohol of potash Lily of Paracelsus
Acrid tincture of tartar
Alcohol nitric Dulcified spirit of nitre
Alcohols resinous Spirituous tinctures
Alloy, or allay Alloy of metals
Alumine Earth of alum
Basis of alum
Pure argillous earth
[p. 112]
Ammoniac Volatile alkali caustic
Fluor-volatile alkali
Volatile spirit of sal ammoniac
Antimony Regulus of antimony
Argile or clay, a mixture of alumine and silice Clay or argillous earth
Aroma Odoriferous principle of flowers
Arseniats Arsenical salts
Arseniat acidulous of potash Arsenical neutral salt, of Macquer
Arseniat of alumine
Arseniat of ammoniac Arsenical ammoniac
Arseniat of barytes
Arseniat of bismuth
Arseniat of cobalt
Arseniat of copper
Arseniat of gold
Arseniat of iron
Arseniat of lime
[p. 113]
Arseniat of magnesia
Arseniat of manganese
Arseniat of mercury
Arseniat of molybden
Arseniat of nickel
Arseniat of platina
Arseniat of potash
Arseniat of silver
Arseniat of soda
Arseniat of tin
Arseniat of tunstein
Arseniat of zink


New NamesAncient Names
Barytes Ponderous earth
Basis of ponderous spar
Balsams Buquet's balsams (resins united with a concrete acid salt)
Benzoin Benzoin or Benjamin
[p. 114]
Salts formed by the union of the benzoic acid with different bases.
The salts of this genus have no appellations in the ancient nomenclature.
Benzoat of alumine
Benzoat of ammoniac
Benzoat of antimony
Benzoat of arsenic
Benzoat of barytes
Benzoat of bismuth
Benzoat of cobalt
Benzoat of copper
Benzoat of gold
Benzoat of iron
Benzoat of lead
Benzoat of lime
Benzoat of magnesia
Benzoat of manganese
[p. 115]
Benzoat of mercury
Benzoat of molybden
Benzoat of nickel
Benzoat of platina
Benzoat of potash
Benzoat of silver
Benzoat of soda
Benzoat of tin
Benzoat of tunstein
Benzoat of zink
Bismuth Bismuth
Bitumens Bitumens
Bombiats Salts formed by the union of the bombic acid with different bases.
This genus of salt had no appellation in the ancient nomenclature.
Bombiat of alumine
Bombiat of ammoniac
[p. 116]
Bombiat of antimony
Bombiat of arsenic
Bombiat of barytes
Bombiat of bismuth
Bombiat of cobalt
Bombiat of copper
Bombiat of gold
Bombiat of lead
Bombiat of iron
Bombiat of lime
Bombiat of magnesia
Bombiat of manganese
Bombiat of mercury
Bombiat of molybden
Bombiat of nickel
Bombiat of platina
Bombiat of potash
[p. 117]
Bombiat of silver
Bombiat of soda
Bombiat of tin
Bombiat of tunstein
Bombiat of zink
Borat Borax
Borat aluminous Argillous borax
Borat ammoniacal Ammoniacal borax
Sedative sal ammoniac
Borat of antimony
Borat of arsenic
Borat of barytes
Borat of bismuth
Borat of cobalt
Borat of copper
Borat of gold
Borat of iron
Borat of lead
[p. 118]
Borat of lime
Borat of magnesia Magnesian borax
Borat of manganese
Borat of mercury Mercurial borax
Mercurial sedative salt
Borat of molybden
Borat of nickel
Borat of platina
Borat of potash Vegetable borax
Borat of silver
Borat of soda Common borax saturated with boracic acid
Borat of tin
Borat of tunstein
Borat of zink Borax of zink
Borax of soda, or Borat sursaturated with soda Rough borax
Borax of commerce
Sub-boraxated mineral alkali
[p. 119]


New NamesAncient Names
Caloric Latent heat
Fixed heat
Matter of heat
Camphor Camphor
Camphorat Salts [sic: plural --CJG]formed by the union of the camphoric acid with different bases.
These salts were unknown to former chymists, and have no names in the ancient nomenclature.
Camphorat of alumine
Camphorat of ammoniac
Camphorat of antimony
Camphorat of arsenic
Camphorat of barytes
Camphorat of bismuth
Camphorat of cobalt
Camphorat of copper
Camphorat of gold
[p. 120]
Camphorat of iron
Camphorat of lead
Camphorat of lime
Camphorat of magnesia
Camphorat of manganese
Camphorat of mercury
Camphorat of molybden
Camphorat of nickel
Camphorat of platina
Camphorat of potash
Camphorat of silver
Camphorat of soda
Camphorat of tin
Camphorat of tunstein
Camphorat of zink
Carbon Pure charcoal
Carbonats Salts formed by the union of the carbonic acid with bases
[p. 121]
Carbonat of alumine
Cretaceous argil
Carbonat of ammoniac Concrete volatile alkali
Ammoniacal chalk
Carbonat of antimony
Carbonat of arsenic
Carbonat of barytes
Carbonat of bismuth
Carbonat of cobalt
Carbonat of copper
Carbonat of gold
Carbonat of iron Apperative saffron of mars
Rust of iron
Aerated iron
Martial chalk
Mephiticated iron
Carbonat of lead Chalk of lead
Spathic lead
Carbonat of lime Chalk
Aerated calcareous earth
Calcareous spar
Cream of lime
Magnesian earth
Magnesia alba, of the shops
Bergman's aerated magnesia
Cretaceous magnesia
[p. 122]
Carbonat of magnesia
Magnesian chalk
Kirwan's muriatic earth
Count de Palma's, and Sentinelli's powder
Carbonat of manganese
Carbonat of mercury
Carbonat of molybden
Carbonat of nickel
Carbonat of platina
Carbonat of potash Salt of tartar
Vegetable fixed alkali
Salt of worm-wood
Aerated vegetable fixed alkali
Cretaceous tartar
Mephiticated tartar
Nitre fixed by itself
Van Helmont's alkahest
Carbonat of silver
Carbonat of soda Natrum or natron
Base of marine salt
Marine or mineral alkali
Crystals of soda
Cretaceous soda
Aerated soda
Effervescing soda
Mephiticated soda, &c
Carbonat of tin
[p. 123]
Carbonat of tunstein
Carbonat of zink Chalk of zink
Aerated zink
Carburet of iron Plumbago
Citrats Salts formed by the union of the acid of lemons with different bases.
This genus of salt had no name in the ancient nomenclature.
Citrat of alumine
Citrat of ammoniac
Citrat of antimony
Citrat of arsenic
Citrat of barytes
Citrat of bismuth
Citrat of cobalt
Citrat of copper
Citrat of gold
Citrat of iron
Citrat of lead
[p. 124]
Citrat of lime
Citrat of magnesia
Citrat of manganese
Citrat of mercury
Citrat of molybden
Citrat of nickel
Citrat of platina
Citrat of potash
Citrat of silver
Citrat of soda
Citrat of tin
Citrat of tunstein
Citrat of zink
Cobalt Regulus of cobalt
Copper Copper
[p. 125]


New NamesAncient Names
Diamond Diamond


New NamesAncient Names
Ether acetic Acetous ether or aether
Ether muriatic Marine ether
Ether nitric Nitrous ether
Ether sulphuric Vitriolic ether
Extract Extract


New NamesAncient Names
Fecula Fecula of vegetables
Fluats Salts formed by the fluoric acid, combined with different bases
Fluat of alumine Argillous fluor
Spathic argile
Fluat of ammoniac Spathic sal ammoniac
Ammoniacal fluor
Fluat of antimony
Fluat of arsenic
[p. 126]
Fluat of barytes
Ponderous fluor
Barytic fluor
Fluat of bismuth
Fluat of cobalt
Fluat of copper
Fluat of gold
Fluat of iron
Fluat of lead
Fluat of lime Fluor spar
Vitreous spar
Cubic spar
Phosphoric spar
Spathic fluor
Fluat of magnesia Fluorated magnesia
Spathic magnesia
Magnesian fluor
Fluat of manganese
Fluat of mercury
Fluat of molybden
Fluat of nickel
Fluat of platina
Fluat of potash Tartareous fluor
Spathic tartar
[p. 127]
Fluat of silver
Fluat of soda Fluor of soda
Spathic soda
Fluat of tin
Fluat of tunstein
Fluat of zink
Formiats Salts produced by the union of the formic acid with different bases.
This genus of salt was without a name in the ancient nomenclature.
Formiat of alumine
Formiat of ammoniac
Formiat of antimony
Formiat of arsenic
Formiat of barytes
Formiat of bismuth
Formiat of cobalt
Formiat of copper
Formiat of gold
[p. 128]
Formiat of iron
Formiat of lead
Formiat of lime
Formiat of magnesia
Formiat of manganese
Formiat of mercury
Formiat of molybden
Formiat of nickel
Formiat of platina
Formiat of silver
Formiat of soda
Formiat of tin
Formiat of tunstein
Formiat of zink


New NamesAncient Names
Gas Gas
Elastic fluid
Aeriform fluid
[p. 129]
Gas, acetous acid
Acetous acid gas
Gas ammoniacal Alkaline gas, of Dr. Priestley
Alkaline air
Volatile alkali gas
Gas azotic Vitiated air
Impure air
Phlogisticated air
Phlogisticated gas
Atmospherical mophets
Gas, carbonic acid Fixed air, of Dr. Black
Hale's solid air
Cretaceous acid gas
Mephitic gas
Gas, carbonated hydrogen Inflammable gas with charcoal
Gas, fluoric acid Spathic acid gas of Dr. Priestley
Fluoric acid gas
Gas hydrogen Inflammable air
Inflammable gas
Kirwan's phlogiston
Gas hydrogen of marshes Mophetized inflammable gas
Inflammable air of marshes
Gas muriatic acid Marine air or gas of Dr. Priestley
Muriatic acid gas
Gas nitrous Nitrous gas, of Hales and Dr. Priestley
Gas, nitrous acid Nitrous acid gas
Oxygen gas Vital air
Pure air
Dephlogisticated air, of Dr. Priestley
[p. 130]
Gas, oxygenated muriatic acid
Aerated muriated acid gas
Dephlogisticated marine acid, of Scheele
Gas Prussic acid Gas of Prussian blue
Gas, phosphorized hydrogen Phosphoric gas, of Mr. Gengembre
Gas, sulphurated hydrogen Hepatic gas, of Bergman
Sulphur-caline air
Gas, sulphureous acid Sulphureous acid gas
Vitriolic acid air, of Dr. Priestley
Gluten Glutenous matter of flower
Gold Gold


New NamesAncient Names
Iron Iron


New NamesAncient Names
Lactats Salts formed by the union of the acid of flour whey or lactic acid, with different bases.
These salts were unknown before Scheele, and without names until the present time. Their properties have as yet been very little examined.
[p. 131]
Lactat of alumine
Lactat of ammoniac
Lactat of antimony
Lactat of arsenic
Lactat of barytes
Lactat of bismuth
Lactat of cobalt
Lactat of copper
Lactat of gold
Lactat of iron
Lactat of lead
Lactat of lime
Lactat of magnesia
Lactat of manganese
Lactat of mercury
Lactat of molybden
Lactat of nickel
[p. 132]
Lactat of platina
Lactat of potash
Lactat of silver
Lactat of soda
Lactat of tin
Lactat of tunstein
Lactat of zink
Lead Lead
Light Light
Lime or calcareous earth Calcareous earth
Lithiats Salts formed by the combination of the lithic acid, or acid of the stone sometimes generated in the human bladder, with different bases.
This genus of salts had no name in the ancient nomenclature, because it was not known before the time of Scheele.
Lithiat of alumine
Lithiat of ammoniac
[p. 133]
Lithiat of antimony
Lithiat of arsenic
Lithiat of barytes
Lithiat of bismuth
Lithiat of cobalt
Lithiat of copper
Lithiat of gold
Lithiat of iron
Lithiat of lead
Lithiat of lime
Lithiat of magnesia
Lithiat of manganese
Lithiat of mercury
Lithiat of molybden
Lithiat of nickel
Lithiat of platina
Lithiat of potash
[p. 134]
Lithiat of silver
Lithiat of soda
Lithiat of tin
Lithiat of tunstein
Lithiat of zink


New NamesAncient Names
Malats Salts formed by the union of the malic acid, or acid of apples with different bases.
This genus of salts has been without a name in the ancient nomenclature.
Malat of alumine
Malat of ammoniac
Malat of antimony
Malat of arsenic
Malat of barytes
Malat of bismuth
Malat of cobalt
[p. 135]
Malat of copper
Malat of gold
Malat of lead
Malat of lime
Malat of iron
Malat of magnesia
Malat of manganese
Malat of mercury
Malat of molybden
Malat of nickel
Malat of platina
Malat of potash
Malat of silver
Malat of soda
Malat of tin
Malat of tunstein
Malat of zink
[p. 136]
Regulus of manganese
Mercury Mercury
Molybdats Salts formed by the union of the molybdic acid with different bases.
This genus of salts was without a name in the ancient nomenclature.
Molybdat of alumine
Molybdat of ammoniac
Molybdat of antimony
Molybdat of arsenic
Molybdat of barytes
Molybdat of bismuth
Molybdat of cobalt
Molybdat of copper
Molybdat of gold
Molybdat of iron
Molybdat of lead
Molybdat of lime
[p. 137]
Molybdat of magnesia
Molybdat of manganese
Molybdat of mercury
Molybdat of molybden
Molybdat of nickel
Molybdat of platina
Molybdat of potash
Molybdat of silver
Molybdat of soda
Molybdat of tin
Molybdat of tunstein
Molybdat of zink
Molybden Regulus of molybden
Mucus Mucilage
Muriats Salts formed by the union of the muriatic acid with different bases
Muriat of alumine Marine alum
Argillous marine salt
Muriat of ammoniac Sal ammoniac
Muriat of antimony Muriated antimony
[p. 138]
Muriat of arsenic
Muriat of arsenic, sublimated Butter of arsenic
Muriat of barytes Barytic marine salt
Muriat of bismuth Muriated bismuth
Muriat of bismuth sublimated Butter of bismuth
Muriat of cobalt Sympathetic ink
Muriat of copper Muriated copper
Muriat of copper, sublimated ammoniacal Cupreous ammoniacal flowers
Muriat of gold Regaline salt of gold
Muriated gold
Muriat of iron Muriated iron
Marine salt of iron
Muriat of lead Muriated lead
Plumbum corneum
Muriat of iron sublimated ammoniacal Martial ammoniacal flowers
Muriat of lime Mother ley of sea-salt
Calcareous marine salt
Fixed sal ammoniac
Muriat of magnesia Marine salt having magnesia for basis
Muriat of manganese Muriated manganese
[p. 139]
Muriat of mercury, corrosive
Corrosive sublimate
Super-muriated mercury
Muriat of mercury, mild Mercurius dulcis
Sub-muriated mercury
Muriat of mercury sublimated mild Sweet mercury sublimate
Aquila alba
Muriat of mercury and ammoniac Salt of alembroth
Muriat of mercury by precipitation Salt of wisdom
White precipitated muriated mercury
Muriat of molybden
Muriat of nickel
Muriat of platina Muriated platina
Regaline salt of platina
Muriat of potash Sylvius's febrifuge salt
Regenerated sea-salt
Muriat of silver Luna cornea
Muriat of soda Sea-salt
Muriat of soda, fossile Salined fossile alkali
Muriat of tin Salt of Jupiter
Muriat of tin, concrete Solid butter of tin, of Mr. Beaume
[p. 140]
Muriat of tin, smoking
Libavius's smoking liquor
Muriat of tin sublimated Butter of tin
Muriat of tunstein
Muriat of zink Marine salt of zink
Muriated zink
Muriat of zink sublimated Butter of zink
Muriats oxygenated (New combinations of the oxygenated muriatic acid with potash and soda, discovered by Mr. Bertholet.)
Muriat of potash, oxygenated
Muriat of soda, oxygenated


New NamesAncient Names
Nitrats Salts formed by the union of the nitric acid with different bases
Nitrat of alumine Nitrous alum
Argilaceous earth
Nitrat of ammoniac Nitrous sal ammoniac
Ammoniacal nitre
Nitrat of antimony
Nitrat of arsenic Nitre of arsenic
Nitrat of barytes Nitrated barytes
Nitre of heavy earth
[p. 141]
Nitrat of bismuth
Nitre of bismuth
Nitrat of cobalt Nitre of cobalt
Nitrat of copper Nitre of copper
Nitrat of gold
Nitrat of iron Nitre of iron
Martial nitre
Nitrat of lead Nitre of lead
Nitre of saturn
Nitrat of lime Calcareous nitre
Mother ley of nitre
Nitrat of magnesia Nitre of magnesia
Magnesian nitre
Nitrat of manganese Nitre of manganese
Nitrated manganese
Nitrat of mercury Nitre of mercury
Mercurial nitre
Nitrat of mercury in dissolution Solution of mercury
Nitrat of molybden
Nitrat of nickel Nitrated nickel
Nitre of nickel
Nitrat of platina
Nitrat of potash, or nitre Nitre, salt-petre
Sal prunel
Nitrated vegetable alkali
Nitrat of silver Nitre of silver
Lunar crystals
[p. 142]
Nitrat of silver, molten
Lunar caustic
Nitrat of soda Cubic nitre
Rhomboidal nitre
Nitrat of tin Nitre of tin
Stanno-nitrous salt
Nitrat of tunstein
Nitrat of zink Nitre of zink
Nitrites Salts formed by the combination of nitrous acid[2] with different bases.
This genus of salt had no name in the ancient nomenclature, and was not known before the late discoveries.
Nitrite of alumine
Nitrite of ammoniac
Nitrite of antimony
Nitrite of arsenic
Nitrite of barytes
Nitrite of bismuth
Nitrite of cobalt
[p. 143]
Nitrite of copper
Nitrite of gold
Nitrite of iron
Nitrite of lead
Nitrite of lime
Nitrite of magnesia
Nitrite of manganese
Nitrite of mercury
Nitrite of molybden
Nitrite of nickel
Nitrite of platina
Nitrite of potash
Nitrite of silver
Nitrite of soda
Nitrite of tin
Nitrite of tunstein
Nitrite of zink
[p. 144]


New NamesAncient Names
Oxalats Salts formed by the combination of the oxalic acid with different bases.
The greater number of these salts have not been named in the old nomenclature.
Oxalat acidulous of ammoniac
Oxalat acidulous of potash Common salt of sorrel
Oxalat acidulous of soda
Oxalat of alumine
Oxalat of ammoniac
Oxalat of antimony
Oxalat of arsenic
Oxalat of barytes
Oxalat of bismuth
Oxalat of cobalt
Oxalat of copper
Oxalat of gold
[p. 145]
Oxalat of iron
Oxalat of lead
Oxalat of lime
Oxalat of magnesia
Oxalat of manganese
Oxalat of mercury
Oxalat of molybden
Oxalat of nickel
Oxalat of platina
Oxalat of potash
Oxalat of silver
Oxalat of soda
Oxalat of tin
Oxalat of tunstein
Oxalat of zink
Oxyd arsenical of potash Liver of arsenic
Oxyd white of arsenic White arsenic
Calx of arsenic
[p. 146]
Oxyd of antimony by the muriatic acid and nitric acid
Mineral bezoar
Oxyd of antimony, white, by nitre Diaphoretic antimony
Cerusse of antimony
Kerkringius's pearly matter
Oxyd of antimony white sublimated Snow of antimony
Flowers of antimony
Argentine flowers of regulus of antimony
Oxyd of antimony by the muriatic acid Powder of algaroth
Oxyd of antimony sulphurated Liver of antimony
Oxyd of antimony sulphurated semi-vitreous Crocus metallorum
Oxyd of antimony sulphurated orange-colored Dealcalised sulphur-caline antimony
Golden sulphur of antimony
Precipitated sulphur of antimony
Oxyd of antimony, red sulphurated Kermes mineral
Sulphur-caline antimony
Oxyd of antimony sulphurated vitreous Glass of antimony
[p. 147]
Oxyd of antimony, brown vitreous sulphurated
Oxyd of arsenic, white sublimated Flowers of arsenic
Oxyd of arsenic, yellow sulphurated Orpiment
Oxyd of arsenic, red sulphurated Red arsenic
Oxyd of bismuth, white, by the nitric acid Magistery of bismuth
Spanish white
Oxyd of bismuth sublimated Flowers of bismuth
Oxyd of cobalt, grey, with silice
Oxyd of cobalt, vitreous Azure
Oxyd of copper, green Verdigris
Rust of copper
Oxyd of gold, ammoniacal Aurum fulminans
Oxyd of gold by tin Precipitate of gold by tin
Cassius's purple
[p. 148]
Oxyds of iron
Saffrons of mars
Oxyd of iron, brown Astringent saffron of mars
Oxyd of iron, yellow Ochre
Oxyd of iron, black AEthiops of iron
Oxyd of iron, red Colcothar of vitriol
Oxyds of lead Calces of lead
Oxyd of lead, white, by the acetous acid White lead
Oxyd of lead, semi-vitreous; or litharge Litharge
Oxyd of lead, yellow Massicot
Oxyd of lead, red; or minium Minium
Red lead
Oxyd of manganese, white White calx of manganese
Oxyd of manganese, black Black magnesia
Oxyd of mercury, yellow; by the nitric acid Nitrous turbith
Oxyd of mercury, yellow; by the sulphuric acid Turbith mineral
Yellow precipitate
[p. 149]
Oxyd of mercury, blackish
AEthiops per se
Oxyd of mercury, red; by the nitric acid Red precipitate
Oxyd of mercury, red; by fire Mercurius precipitatus per se
Oxyd of mercury, sulphurated black AEthiops mineral
Oxyd of mercury, sulphurated red Cinnabar
Oxyd of tin, grey
Oxyd of tin, sublimated Flowers of tin
Oxyd of zink sublimated Flowers of zink
Oxyds metallic Calces of metals
Oxyds, sublimated metallic Metallic flowers
Oxygen Oxygen
Basis of vital air
Acidifying principle
Empyreal principle
Sorbile principle
[p. 150]


New NamesAncient Names
Phosphats Salts formed by the union of the phosphoric acid with different bases
Phosphat of alumine
Phosphat of ammoniac Phosphorical ammoniac
Ammoniacal phosphate
Phosphat of antimony
Phosphat of arsenic
Phosphat of barytes
Phosphat of bismuth
Phosphat of cobalt
Phosphat of copper
Phosphat of gold
Phosphat of iron Syderite
Marsh iron ore
Phosphat of lead
Phosphat of lime Earth of bones
Animal earth
Phosphat of magnesia Phosphate of magnesia
Phosphat of manganese
[p. 151]
Phosphat of mercury
Rosy precipitate of mercury
Phosphat of molybden
Phosphat of nickel
Phosphat of platina
Phosphat of potash
Phosphat of silver
Phosphat of soda
Phosphat of soda and ammoniac Native salt of urine
Fusible salts of urine
Phosphat sursaturated with soda Wonderful pearly salt
Phosphat of tin
Phosphat of tunstein
Phosphat of zink
Phosphites Salts formed by the combination of the phosphorous acid with different bases
Phosphite of alumine
Phosphite of ammoniac
[p. 152]
Phosphite of antimony
Phosphite of arsenic
Phosphite of barytes
Phosphite of bismuth
Phosphite of cobalt
Phosphite of copper
Phosphite of gold
Phosphite of iron
Phosphite of lead
Phosphite of lime
Phosphite of magnesia
Phosphite of manganese
Phosphite of mercury
Phosphite of molybden
Phosphite of nickel
Phosphite of platina
Phosphite of potash
[p. 153]
Phosphite of silver
Phosphite of soda
Phosphite of tin
Phosphite of tunstein
Phosphite of zink
Phosphorus Phosphorus of Kunkel
Phosphuret Combination of phosphorus not oxygenated, with different bases
Phosphuret of copper
Phosphuret of iron Syderum, of Bergman
Syderotete of Mr. de Morveau
Regulus of syderite
Pyro-lignites Salts formed by the union of the pyro-lignic acid with different bases.
These salts had no names in the ancient nomenclature.
Pyrolignite of alumine
Pyrolignite of ammoniac
Pyrolignite of antimony
Pyrolignite of arsenic
[p. 154]
Pyrolignite of barytes
Pyrolignite of bismuth
Pyrolignite of cobalt
Pyrolignite of copper
Pyrolignite of gold
Pyrolignite of iron
Pyrolignite of lead
Pyrolignite of lime
Pyrolignite of magnesia
Pyrolignite of manganese
Pyrolignite of mercury
Pyrolignite of molybden
Pyrolignite of nickel
Pyrolignite of platina
Pyrolignite of potash
Pyrolignite of silver
Pyrolignite of soda
[p. 155]
Pyrolignite of tin
Pyrolignite of tunstein
Pyrolignite of zink
Pyromucites Salts formed by the union of the pyro-mucic acid with different bases.
This genus of salts had no name in the old nomenclature.
Pyromucite of alumine
Pyromucite of ammoniac
Pyromucite of antimony
Pyromucite of arsenic
Pyromucite of barytes
Pyromucite of bismuth
Pyromucite of cobalt
Pyromucite of copper
Pyromucite of gold
Pyromucite of iron
Pyromucite of lead
[p. 156]
Pyromucite of lime
Pyromucite of magnesia
Pyromucite of manganese
Pyromucite of mercury
Pyromucite of molybden
Pyromucite of nickel
Pyromucite of platina
Pyromucite of potash
Pyromucite of silver
Pyromucite of soda
Pyromucite of tin
Pyromucite of tunstein
Pyromucite of zink
Pyrotartrites Salts formed by the union of the pyrotartareous acid with different bases
Pyrotartrite of alumine
Pyrotartrite of ammoniac
[p. 157]
Pyrotartrite of antimony
Pyrotartrite of arsenic
Pyrotartrite of barytes
Pyrotartrite of bismuth
Pyrotartrite of cobalt
Pyrotartrite of copper
Pyrotartrite of gold
Pyrotartrite of iron
Pyrotartrite of lead
Pyrotartrite of lime
Pyrotartrite of magnesia
Pyrotartrite of manganese
Pyrotartrite of mercury
Pyrotartrite of molybden
Pyrotartrite of nickel
Pyrotartrite of platina
Pyrotartrite of potash
[p. 158]
Pyrotartrite of silver
Pyrotartrite of soda
Pyrotartrite of tin
Pyrotartrite of tunstein
Pyrotartrite of zink
Platina Juan blanca
White gold
Platina del pinto
Potash Caustic vegetable fixed alkali
Potash molten Common caustic, Potential cautery
Infernal or septic stone
Potash, siliciated; in liquidity
Prussiats Salts formed by the union of the prussic acid, or coloring matter of Prussian blue, with different bases.
This genus of salts had no name in the old nomenclature.
Prussiat of alumine
Prussiat of ammoniac
Prussiat of antimony
[p. 159]
Prussiat of silver [sic; should be arsenic--CJG]
Prussiat of barytes
Prussiat of bismuth
Prussiat of cobalt
Prussiat of copper
Prussiat of gold
Prussiat of iron Prussian blue
Berlin blue
Prussiat of lead
Prussiat of lime Calcareous prussiate
Lime-water of Prussian blue
Prussiat of magnesia
Prussiat of manganese
Prussiat of mercury
Prussiat of molybden
Prussiat of nickel
Prussiat of platina
Prussiat of potash Liquor saturated with the coloring matter of Prussian blue
[p. 160]
Prussiat of potash, saturated ferruginous
Prussian alkali
Prussiat of potash ferruginous not saturated Phlogisticated alkali
Prussiat of silver
Prussiat of soda
Prussiat of tin
Prussiat of tunstein
Prussiat of zink
Pyrophore of Homburg Pyrophore of Homburg


New NamesAncient Names
Resins Resins


New NamesAncient Names
Saccholats Salts formed by the combination of the saccho-lactic acid with different bases.
This genus of salts had no name in the ancient nomenclature.
Saccholat of alumine
Saccholat of ammoniac
[p. 161]
Saccholat of antimony
Saccholat of arsenic
Saccholat of barytes
Saccholat of bismuth
Saccholat of cobalt
Saccholat of copper
Saccholat of gold
Saccholat of iron
Saccholat of lead
Saccholat of lime
Saccholat of magnesia
Saccholat of manganese
Saccholat of mercury
Saccholat of molybden
Saccholat of nickel
Saccholat of platina
Saccholat of potash
[p. 162]
Saccholat of silver
Saccholat of soda
Saccholat of tin
Saccholat of tunstein
Saccholat of zink
Saponuls Combinations of the volatile or essential oils with different bases
Saponuls acid Combinations of the volatile or essential oils with the different acids
Saponuls metallic Soaps composed of the essential oils united to metallic substances
Saponul of alumine Soap made of essential oil united to the basis of alum
Saponul ammoniacal Soap made of essential oil united to the volatile alkali
Saponul of barytes Soap made of essential oil united to barytes
Saponul of lime Soap made of essential oil united to lime
Saponul of potash Soap made of essential oil united to vegetable fixed alkali, or Starkey's soap
Saponul of sodae Soap made of essential oil united to mineral fixed alkali
[p. 163]
Salts formed by the combination of the acid of fat with different bases.
These salts had no names in the ancient nomenclature.
Sebat of alumine
Sebat of ammoniac
Sebat of antimony
Sebat of arsenic
Sebat of barytes
Sebat of bismuth
Sebat of cobalt
Sebat of copper
Sebat of gold
Sebat of iron
Sebat of lead
Sebat of lime
Sebat of magnesia
Sebat of manganese
[p. 164]
Sebat of mercury
Sebat of molybden
Sebat of nickel
Sebat of platina
Sebat of potash
Sebat of silver
Sebat of soda
Sebat of tin
Sebat of tunstein
Sebat of zink
Silice, or siliceous earth Siliceous earth
Soda Caustic soda
Marine alkali
Mineral alkali
Soaps Combinations of unctuous, or fixed oils, with different bases
Soaps acid Combinations of unctuous, or fixed oils, with different acids
Soaps metallic Combinations of unctuous, or fixed oils, with metallic substances
[p. 165]
Soap of alumine
Soap composed of unctuous oil united to the basis of alum
Soap of ammoniac, or ammoniacal Soap composed of unctuous oil united to volatile alkali
Soap of barytes Soap composed of unctuous oil united to barytes
Soap of lime Soap composed of unctuous oil united to lime
Soap of magnesia Soap composed of unctuous oil united to magnesia
Soap of potash Soap composed of unctuous oil united to vegetable fixed alkali
Soap of soda Soap composed of unctuous oil united to mineral fixed alkali
Succinats Salts formed by the combination of the acid of amber or succinic acid with different bases
Succinat of alumine
Succinat of ammoniac
Succinat of antimony
Succinat of arsenic
Succinat of barytes
Succinat of bismuth
[p. 166]
Succinat of cobalt
Succinat of copper
Succinat of gold
Succinat of iron
Succinat of lead
Succinat of lime
Succinat of magnesia
Succinat of manganese
Succinat of mercury
Succinat of molybden
Succinat of nickel
Succinat of platina
Succinat of potash
Succinat of silver
Succinat of soda
Succinat of tin
Succinat of tunstein
[p. 167]
Succinat of zink
Succinum, or amber Yellow amber
Sugar Sugar
Sugar crystallized Sugar candied
Sugar of milk Sugar of milk
Salt of milk
Sulphats Salts formed by the combination of the sulphuric acid with different bases
Sulphat of alumine Alum
Super-vitriolated clay
Sulphat of ammoniac Glauber's secret ammoniacal salt
Ammoniacal vitriol
Sulphat of antimony Vitriol of antimony
Sulphat of arsenic Vitriol of arsenic
Sulphat of barytes Ponderous spar
Sulphat of bismuth Vitriol of bismuth
Sulphat of cobalt Vitriol of cobalt
Sulphat of copper Roman vitriol. Blue stone.
Super-vitriolated copper
Sulphat of iron Green copperas
Salt of steel
Super-vitriolated iron
Sulphat of gold
[p. 168]
Sulphat of lead
Vitriol of lead
Sulphat of lime Vitriolated lime
Plaster of Paris
Sulphat of magnesia Vitriolated magnesia
Bitter purging salt
Sedlitz salt
Epsom salt
Seydschutz salt
Sulphat of manganese Vitriol of manganese
Sulphat of mercury Super-vitriolated mercury
Vitriol of mercury
Sulphat of molybden
Sulphat of nickel
Sulphat of platina
Sulphat of potash Vitriolated vegetable alkali
Sal enixum de duobus
Vitriolated tartar
Arcanum duplicatum
Glaser's sal polychrest
Vitriol of potash
Sulphat of silver Vitriol of silver
Sulphat of soda Glauber's salt
Vitriol of soda
Sulphat of tin Vitriol of tin
Sulphat of tunstein
[p. 169]
Sulphat of zink
White vitriol or copperas
Vitriol of zink
Vitriol of Goslar
Sulphites Salts formed by the combination of the sulphureous acid with different bases
Sulphite of alumine
Sulphite of ammoniac
Sulphite of antimony
Sulphite of arsenic
Sulphite of barytes
Sulphite of bismuth
Sulphite of cobalt
Sulphite of copper
Sulphite of gold
Sulphite of iron
Sulphite of lead
Sulphite of lime
Sulphite of magnesia
Sulphite of manganese
[p. 170]
Sulphite of mercury
Sulphite of molybden
Sulphite of nickel
Sulphite of platina
Sulphite of potash Stahl's sulphureous salt
Sulphite of silver
Sulphite of soda
Sulphite of tin
Sulphite of tunstein
Sulphite of zink
Sulphur Sulphur
Sulphur sublimated Flowers of sulphur
Sulphurets alkaline Alkaline livers of sulphur
Alkaline hepars. Sulphur-calies
Sulphurets earthy Earthy livers of sulphur
Earthy hepars
Sulphurets Combinations of sulphur with the metals
Sulphuret of alumine
Sulphuret of ammoniac Boyle's smoking liquor
Volatile alkaline liver of sulphur
[p. 171]
Sulphuret of antimony
Sulphuret of antimony, native Ore of antimony
Sulphuret of barytes Liver of sulphur of barytes
Sulphuret of bismuth
Sulphuret of cobalt
Sulphuret of copper Pyrites of copper
Sulphuret of gold
Sulphuret of iron Martial pyrites
Sulphuret of fixed oil Balsom of sulphur
Sulphuret of volatile oil Balsom of sulphur
Sulphuret of lead
Sulphuret of magnesia Magnesian liver of sulphur
Sulphuret of manganese
Sulphuret of mercury
Sulphuret of molybden
Sulphuret of nickel
Sulphuret of platina
[p. 172]
Sulphuret of potash
Liver of sulphur having for basis the vegetable alkali
Sulphuret of potash antimoniated Antimoniated liver of sulphur
Sulphuret of silver Blanckmal
Sulphuret of soda Liver of sulphur having for basis the mineral alkali
Sulphuret of soda antimoniated Antimoniated liver of sulphur
Sulphuret of tin
Sulphuret of tunstein
Sulphuret of zink Blende or factitious galena


New NamesAncient Names
Tartar Crude tartar
Tartrites Salts formed by the combination of the tartareous acid with different bases
Tartrite acidulous of potash Tartar. Supertartarised vegetable alkali
Cream of tartar
Crystals of tartar
Tartrite of alumine
Tartrite of ammoniac Ammoniacal tartar
[p. 173]
Tartrite of antimony
Tartrite of arsenic
Tartrite of barytes
Tartrite of bismuth
Tartrite of cobalt
Tartrite of copper
Tartrite of gold
Tartrite of iron
Tartrite of lime Calcareous tartar
Tartrite of lead Saturnine tartar
Tartrite of magnesia
Tartrite of manganese
Tartrite of mercury
Tartrite of molybden
Tartrite of nickel
Tartrite of platina
[p. 174]
Tartrite of potash
Tartarised tartar
Soluble tartar
Vegetable salt
Tartrite of potash antimoniated Emetic tartar
Antimoniated tartar
Tartrite of potash, ferruginous Chalybiated tartar
Soluble martial tartar
Tartrite of potash surcompounded with antimony Tartarised tartar containing antimony
Tartrite of silver
Tartrite of soda Rochelle salt
Seignette's polychrest salt
Tartarised soda
Tartrite of tin
Tartrite of tunstein
Tartrite of zink
Tin Tin
Tunstats Salts formed by the combination of the tunstic acid, with different bases.
These salts had no name in the ancient nomenclature.
Tunstat of alumine
Tunstat of ammoniac
Tunstat of antimony
[p. 175]
Tunstat of arsenic
Tunstat of barytes
Tunstat of bismuth
Tunstat of cobalt
Tunstat of copper
Tunstat of gold
Tunstat of iron
Tunstat of lead
Tunstat of lime
Tunstat of magnesia
Tunstat of manganese
Tunstat of mercury
Tunstat of molybden
Tunstat of nickel
Tunstat of platina
Tunstat of potash
Tunstat of silver
[p. 176]
Tunstat of soda
Tunstat of tin
Tunstat of tunstein
Tunstat of zink


New NamesAncient Names
Water Water
Water, lime Lime water
Water distilled Distilled water
Waters impregnated with the carbonic acid Acidulated waters
Gazeous waters
Waters sulphurated Hepatic waters


New NamesAncient Names
Zink Zink

[1]These two manners of expressing the basis of a neutral salt will not again be repeated; but the one or the other shall without distinction be used. These first examples are sufficient to shew that either the substantive of the adjective may be used with equal propriety.
The same observation agrees also with the Latin nomenclature. [original note]

[2]That is to say, by an acid of nitre containing less oxygen than that which we have denominated nitric acid, and which form the nitrats. [original note]

Transcriber's note

The Method of Chymical Nomenclature contains several memoirs describing and tables illustrating the new nomenclature of the "Chemical Revolution". The selection presented here featured the largest of those tables, a list in alphabetical order (roughly) by terms of the (translated) new nomenclature. The dictionary included new nomenclature terms in both the vernacular (originally French, but English in this translation) and in Latin; however, this selection omits the Latin.

This dictionary was laid out to facilitate looking up a term in the new nomenclature and having it defined in terms of an older name. Now it is the "new" nomenclature that is familiar and the "ancient" nomenclature that is strange, and therefore more likely to be looked upthis can be done using the search or find command on your browser.

Finally, note that the "new" nomenclature is similar, but not identical, to the familiar modern binary ionic nomenclature in which -ic and -ous denote higher and lower oxidation states of cations, and -ate and -ite higher and lower degrees of oxidation of anions. In English, in the modern binary nomenclature, the cation precedes the anion; in this version, the opposite order holds. The orthography of the translator, St. John, is preserved in this selection: -at rather than the modern -ate (e.g., in "acetat"). Finally, note that the Method of Chymical Nomenclature represents an important advance, but it was not always correct; see, for example, acetate ("acetat") and acetite, and acetic and acetous acid. --CJG

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