Philosophy 210-03,04,05, Moral Philosophy

Office Hours in RH-428 (445-4489)

Prof. Michael Kagan

MWF 9:35 -10:20 AM,  and by appointment



This course investigates the philosophical foundations of normative ethics in an effort to clarify the status of moral values in human life. Drawing upon classical as well as contemporary texts in moral theory, the course will consider issues such as: What does it means to be a moral being or a moral agent? Are moral values grounded in human nature, the natural order, the divine? What are the methods and possible limits of reasoning about moral values? Is moral philosophy (merely) descriptive or the practices and values of various groups or can it be prescriptive; can it, that is, tell us what we ought to do? How might we understand the historical development of moral theory and the diversity of systems of value? How might conflicts between these systems of thought be understood, assessed, and/or resolved?.  (Le Moyne College Catalog)



Plato -  Republic (Allan Bloomís translation)

Aristotle - Nicomachean Ethics (David Rossís translation) 
Epictetus - Handbook of Epictetus (N.P.White's translation)
Confucius - Analects (D.C. Lauís translation)

Lau Tzu - Tao Te Ching ((D.C. Lauís translation))

Martin Buber - I and Thou (Walter Kaufmannís translation)

Rosemarie Tong - "Feminist Ethics" (SEP),



 In coordination with the Academic Support Center (ASC), reasonable accommodations are provided for qualified students with disabilities. Please register with the ASC Office for disability verification and determination of reasonable accommodations. After receiving your accommodation form from the ASC, you will need to make an appointment with me to review the form and discuss your needs. Please make every attempt to meet with me within the first week of class so your accommodations can be provided in a timely manner. You can either stop by the ASC, Library, 1st floor, or call (445-4118-voice or 445-4104-TDD) to make an appointment.



No class or office hours on the following times/dates:   Mon., Sept. 1,  Labor Day;  Wed. Sep. 3, Mass of the Holy Spirit (classes canceled 10:30 AM - 12:30 PM; Classes resume at 1:30); Thursday, Sep. 25 (Rosh HaShanah); Friday, October 3, 4:30PM through Saturday, October 4 (Yom Kippur);  Oct. 13-14, Fall Break; Fri., Nov. 7, instructor attending conference; Nov. 26-30, Thanksgiving Break.  
   Last day of class:  Dec. 5 (Fri.).   
   Proposals for the optional final paper due Fri., Oct. 10.   Draft of optional papers due Monday, Nov. 10.  The final draft is due Fri., Nov. 21.



 If campus/dorms are closed due to flu or other circumstances, my intent is that the course continue.    Assignments continue to be due by email. Presentations will be replaced by papers, virtual presentations, or extended descriptions of presentations.  In addition to notes and group work already available there on-line, I will post updates, lecture notes, etc., to my Le Moyne College web site at

 As at other times, if your situation results in your needing an extension, please let me know.  Also, if internet service is down or there are other infrastructure problems, please complete the assignments and turn them in when services are restored.



Your grade will be based on the average of the following:

1.  (50%) You will have an opportunity to take two short take-home quizzes. These will be handed out at least 4 days before they are due.  Late quizzes will receive a 15% grading penalty for each day they are late.  Unless otherwise indicated, please complete the quiz in less than 500 words.  All work, except in-class writings, is to be typed.  Quizzes are to be turned in on the date due with a copy emailed to me at  In addition to the file attachment, please paste the text of your answers into your message.  
2.  (50%) Class participation/group work/in-class writings/optional final paper.  (See ďOne Way to Write a Philosophy PaperĒ -


Grades are based on a 10 point scale as follows:

90-100 - 'A' range (97-100 = A+; 94-96=A; 90-93=A-); 80-89  - 'B' range (87-89 = B+; 84-86=B; 80-83=B-);

70-79  - 'C' range (77-79 = C+; 74-76=C; 70-73=C-); 60-69  - 'D' range (67-69 = D+; 64-66=D; 60-63=D-).

Below 60 - 'F'.

 The paper gives you an opportunity to explore some aspect of a particular traditional ethical theory, at the theoretical and/or applied level.   

  If you decide to write a paper, please confirm your topic with me in advance by submitting a paper proposal  by October 10. Whatever your topic, please feel free to consult me regarding bibliography, style, or as a devil's advocate. The paper is to be a defense of one claim or proposal related to the issue in question. Students should explicitly state the claim they are defending, make a brief case for its importance, develop their arguments carefully, consider objections, and show awareness of alternatives and criticisms of their own position. The paper should be structured in form and content as if it were being addressed to an audience consisting of the undecided and the reasonable opposition.  If you are looking for organizational  suggestions, the people at the writing center can be quite helpful.  The paper should be approximately 5-7 pages in length. The paper is to be turned in TWICE, on the dates indicated below. The 1st draft will be graded and given comments that I hope will aid you in the revision. If you are satisfied with the first grade or decide to accept it for some other reason, you have the option of returning the paper "as-is" with its comments on Fri., Nov. 21.   If you do so, your grade on the paper will be the grade you received on the first draft. If you opt to revise, you will receive the grade of the revision, if higher (and the grade on the draft, if not).   Please feel free to drop by during office hours to make an appointment to discuss your project.  If you don't find me on campus, you are welcome to call me at home before 8:00 PM.   YOU CAN ALWAYS LEAVE A VOICE MAIL MESSAGE AT 445-4489.


Week #1 (Mon., Aug. 25) Introduce course.  Discussion of nomos, phusis, logos, & reading.  Brief survey of ethical theories.  Start reading Republic, Books 1-2.
No class:  Mon., Sept. 1,  Labor Day;  Wed. Sep. 3, Mass of the Holy Spirit (classes canceled 10:30 AM - 12:30 PM; Classes resume at 1:30)
Week #2 (Fri., Sep. 5) Platoís Republic, Books 1-3.
Week #3 (Mon. Sep. 8) Republic, Books 3-5.  
Week #4 (Mon, Sep. 15) Republic, Books 5-7.
Week #5 (Mon., Sep.. 22) Aristotleís Nicomachean Ethics, Books 1-3.
Week #6 (Mon., Sep. 29). Nicomachean Ethics, Books 3-5. 
Week #7 (Mon., Oct.6) Nicomachean Ethics, Books 5-7.. 
Proposals for the optional final paper due Fri., Oct. 10. 

Oct. 13-14, Fall Break
Week #8 (Wed., Oct. 15) Nicomachean Ethics, Books 5-7.
Week #9 (Mon., Oct.. 20  Nicomachean Ethics, Books 7-10.
Week #10 (Mon..,  Oct. 27)  Epictetus, Handbook.  Confuciusí Analects, Books I-X. DRAFT OF OPTIONAL WRITTEN PROJECTS DUE: 
Monday, Nov. 10.
Week #11 (Mon., Nov. 3) Analects, Books X-XX.
Week #12 (Mon., Nov. 10) Lau Tzuís Tao Te Ching, Book One.
Week #13 (Mon., Nov. 17) Lau Tzuís Tao Te Ching, Book Two.  
Final draft of the optional papers due Fri., Nov. 21
Week #14. (Mon., Nov. 24) Martin Buberís I and Thou,  First Part, Second Part
Nov 26-Nov.30 (Thanksgiving Break).
Week #15 (Mon.,  Dec. 1)  Martin Buberís I and Thou,  Second Part, Third Part. (Final evaluations, if they haven't already taken place.)

Some of this page's links:

PHL 210-03,04,05, Moral Philosophy Syllabus Fall 2014

Materials for Moral Philosophy/Great Traditions in Ethics
Back to Kagan's Homepage: 

Academic Support Center: