Some Notes on Ethical Egoism
Ethical Egoism sometimes arises as a response to the question, "Why be moral?"
Psychological egoism as a descriptive theory - individuals act in their perceived self-interest
Ethical Egoism as a prescriptive theory - individuals ought to act in their own long term self-interest
Criticisms and variations into and away from egoism
Rand, Plato, Aristotle, Stoics, Materialists
Kress's critique of Rand; Hill's critique of Rand with respect to Noblesse Oblige; and, possibly, given the kind of self under construction or in question, some care theorists