[Class Icon/Return to
          Homepage]  PSY 101 Psychology in General

How well do you know psychology already?
Take 15-item True/False "Conceptions of Psychology" quiz which has questions taken from many different areas of psychology.

Score Quiz (Fr. Hevern will provide the right answers)

Discuss results and implications of quiz

Psychology's History

Psychology's Early History (up to the 1950s)
(pp. 3-11)
   1. The Birth of a New Science

  2. The Battle of Differing Schools of Psychology: Structuralism vs. Functionalism

  3. Freud and the Unconscious

  4. Behaviorism Challenges Psychology

  5. Skinner's Behaviorism Questions Free Will

  6. Humanists Revolt: Get back to the human person

"Humanists" argued that human beings are different from other animals, particularly in exercising freedom and showing a potential to develop or grow in new and more advanced and positive ways.

Psychology's Modern History:
The 5 Most Important Concerns & Trends in Psychology
since 1945

Treating Vets after WWII  1. Psychology Comes of Age as a Profession
  2. Psychology Returns to Its Roots: Interest in Cognition and Physiology

                                Symposium 1955]
  • How We Think (= Cognitive Psychology)
    • "Cognitive Revolution"
  • The Relationship between Brain & Behavior (= Physiological or Biological Psychology)
                    Population 2002 proportionate to actual population]  3. Psychology Opens Up to the Whole World:
      The Move to Cultural Diversity in Research

  4. The Emergence of Evolutionary Psychology

   [E. O. Wilson]      DNA

James Watson & Francis Crick in 1953 discover the shape of the DNA molecule
In the mid 1970s, Harvard biologist, E. O. Wilson, argued that animal behavior is powerfully influenced by the results of evolutionary processes and this led to the emergency of the study of these influences by late 20th century.

[Martin Seligman 2007 APA Convention]  5. Psychology Moves in a Positive Direction

"Psychology is the science that studies behavior and the physical and cognitive processes that underlie behavior AND it is the profession that applies the accumulated knowledge of this science to practical problems.

Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Handbook: Psychologists

What do psychologists do?
"Psychologists study cognitive, emotional, and social processes and behavior by observing, interpreting, and recording how people relate to one another and their environments."

Types of Psychologists
  • Clinical Psychologists
    • Health Psychologists
    • Neuropsychologists
  • Counseling Psychologists
  • Developmental Psychologists
  • Forensic Psychologists
  • Industrial-Organizational Psychologists
  • School Psychologists
  • Social Psychologists
  • Psychologists also become university, college, and high school teachers
Median Pay (2016)
  • $75,230 per year
  • $36.17 per hour

Number of Jobs in U.S. 2016 = 166,600

Job Outlook for 2016 to 2026 = 14% growth (faster than average) = 22,600 jobs

Work Environments

  • Independent; healthcare; schools (higher ed; K-12); private practice; business & gov't
                  Activities      Psychologists Employment Settings

How to Become A Psychologist

Although psychologists typically need a doctoral degree in psychology, a master’s degree is sufficient for some positions. Psychologists in independent practice also need a license.