Howard Wolowitz
University of Michigan, Psychology Department, USA




Maeder's (1914) demonstrated logic of the manifest narrative content's sequential meaning was revived when Kramer & Roth (1977), Greenberg & Pearlman (1975), Kuper & Stone (1982), Fossge et al. (1983) featured the dream's problem-solving function. Wolowitz (1983, 1989, 1998) indexed the sequential order of manifest dream problem-solving content as repetitive structural characteristics comprising its purposive meaning in observable, operational form revealing an ongoing dialectic of conflict processing, problem-solving, featuring protagonist (self-advocate) vs. antagonist (self-adversary), generating facilitative vs. interfering actions and considerations. The expressed dream experience divides into phase sequenced requisites of attempted resolution of an emergent problem: (1) setting the stage (opening scene), characters and props, (2) evoking emergence of the problem as dreamer's self concern (Scrn) followed by (3) a coping strategy (Strat) and (4) consequence (Cseq) of its particular employment resolving or modifying the initial self concern into a new scene followed by a repetition of the sequence, ad infinitum, until the string of problems is resolved or the dream ends abortively in a final consequence (outcome). Syntactically dream semantics are demonstrably organized in problem-solving format the algorithm of which predictively describes ingredients in Chomskian notation generatively defining a dream grammar: Drm ----> OSc (F+,I-) SCrn (F+,I-) Strat (F+,I-) Cseq (F+,I-). This structure of phase sequenced dream movement constitutes its denotative meaning, associations elaborating connotative meanings. Freud's, Jung's, Hobson's and cross-cultural dreams evidentially illustrate the algorithm's ubiqity.