University of Oslo, Norway
DIALOGUE IN GROUPS: AN ANALOGUE FOR THERAPY?
The 'dialogical self' points to multifaceted aspects of persons. Hermans also emphasises a voiced aspect of the facets. In many cases, however, various facets, ('I-positions') may be (partly) unrelated and more or less mute. A clinical task is thus "integration of incompatible positions as part of a multivoiced self", (Hermans, 1999). We will draw on the related conception 'integration of self states through self-reflection' as discussed in Anthony Ryle's (2002) Cognitive Analytic Therapy. We propose an analogue between 'integration through self- reflection' and group dialogue as described by David Bohm (1966). The latter furthermore has important similarities with procedures for conflict transformation as elaborated by Moore & McDonald (2000) and Niemeyer & Tschudi (2002) in the Restorative Justice tradition, and Galtung & Tschudi (2001) regarding peacemaking. These similarities will be spelled out and applied to the case history of the (in the paper session) preceding presentation by Sissel Reichelt. Special emphasis will be put on the democratic-collaborative and empathic aspects, features which usually are less prominent in Bakhtinian conceptions of dialogues.