Instituto Superior da Maia, S. Pedro de Avioso, Portugal
UNCONSCIOUS AND PSYCHOTHERAPY:
GIVING VOICE TO UNSPOKEN NARRATIVES
The interplay between different narrative positions is one of the most important features of a dialogical perspective. But dialogue implies power, and power can be used by one position in order to suppress other possible discourses and narratives. Therefore, we can conceive the possibility of a 'dialogical unconscious'. Following the proposals of Hermans about the dialogical self, it is possible to develop a theory about unconsciousness rather different from the more classical psychological conceptions. In order to address this challenge, a possible model is presented, based on the notion that some narrative positions remain dominated by opposite ones, and therefore become silenced and voiceless. Moreover, it is important to verify that different lines of research give us strong support for this idea. This paper also aims to explore the possible implications of this perspective for psychotherapy. A general framework is proposed, in order to clarify different problems, i.e. the motives for suppression of narratives, the effects of that suppression, and the relationship between psychotherapy processes and those silenced voices.