Catholic University of Lublin, Department of Clinical and Personality Psychology, Poland
DIALOGUES IN CREATIVE ACTIVITY
According to Bakhtin one can distinguish two stages in every creative activity: (1) empathy, when the writer puts himself in the place of his character, and (2) exotophy, through which he returns to his position and is able to complete the character's consciousness. Although Bakhtin's theory of creative activity arose tens years before Hermans' conception of dialogical self, it claims - of course in different terms - that the author's I has to move among positions of his self to create characters of the novel. A spatial model combining these two conceptions will be put forward. The model will present the creative work in the background of dialogical self and it can be called the model of creative mind. Finally, it will be demonstrated that the above-mentioned model applies not only to mental processes that are functioning in literature, but also in the area of science. It is clearly exemplified in the work of Galileo or in Dialogues by Plato, where inner dialogues permit theoretical verification of hypothesis. Moreover, based on assumption of Einstein's theory the author will show that inner dialogues might also be a source of new creative points of view.