Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife-PE, Brazil
DIALOGUE IN INFANCY
The application of dialogical conceptions to the emergence and development of human communication faces the challenge of conceptualizing the intersubjective characteristics that relate the dialogical partners at the beginning of life. The axiomatic conception that the infant is born in a 'dialogical closure'(Bråten, 1984, 1988, 1998) and the description of the first relationships as exhibiting a 'primary intersubjectivity'and, subsequently, a 'secondary intersubjectivity'(Trevarthen, 1977, 1979, 1998) do not carefully explore the constructive power of the process of communication. This paper explores the dialogical process of communication focusing on the systemic and self-organized quality of this process. I present a model of the mother-infant communication system (first seven months of infant's life) that proposes three organizational levels of this system: establishment, extension and abbreviation. The methodological use of two-time scale analysis (microgenetic and developmental) allows us to capture those three quasi-stabilized levels of organization of the early mother-infant communication system. (EEA). The analysis of the dimensions that characterize each of those levels allows us to trace the emergence and progressive construction of the partners' mutual knowledge (intersubjective exchanges) as resulting from the dynamic self-organized characteristic of the dialogical system under study.