University of Nijmegen, The Netherlands
HOPI IN ME': THE CONSTRUCTION OF A VOICE IN THE DIALOGICAL SELF
FROM A CULTURAL PSYCHOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE
A 'voice', the central concept in the theory of the dialogical self (e.g., Hermans & Kempen, 1993), is neither located 'in' the person, nor 'in' culture, but comes into being as a relation between person and culture. An extensive example of everyday life is presented, which on a phenomenological level illustrates the formation of a particular voice: 'the Hopi in me'. The major goal of this presentation is to analyze this example in sound theoretical terminology. Both cultural psychology and cross-cultural psychology are subdisciplines, which deal with culture in general, and the relation between culture and the individual in particular. The discussion of the different foci of both disciplines leads to the conclusion that only a cultural psychological framework allows for an elaboration of the concept of voice. More specifically, the theoretical approaches of the German sociologist G. Simmel, and the cultural psychologist E. Boesch are introduced and applied to the conceptual analysis of the example.