Institute for Human Research, Moscow, Russia
POETICAL TEXT AS A PLACE OF MEETING WITH ALTER EGO
The isolated self in lyrics is impossible in principle; the self is inseparably connected with other subjectivity forms. Each epoch develops a peculiar interpretation of self in relation to 'thou', 'the other' etc., and 'cultural distance' seems to neglect the subtle differences in such relations. The aim of the study was to elucidate the characteristics of poetical texts which allow the reader to define the gender of its author. 90 poems have been selected from Russian poetry of three periods: 'The Golden Age' of Russian poetry (1830-1850s), 'The Silver Age' (1900-1917) and modern poetry (1998-2000). The results of the 'Golden Age' and 'Silver Age' poetry attribution turned out to be quite paradoxical. In general, the texts of female authors have been evaluated by male subjects as more 'masculine' than the texts of male authors. The gender attribution of the modern poetry was much more precise. However, some poems of modern authors maintain the tendency of gender inversion in authorship attribution. The reader perceives the dialogue between the poet and his Anima (or her Animus), rather than the isolated author's self. The integrity of the author's self is thus accomplished in the poetical text.