Foulga Developmental Psychology, Hoorn, The Netherlands
When engaged in a dialogue the self is active, striving for the ultimate effectiveness. Theoretical analysis makes it possible to differentiate a number of specific activities, involved in this process. We would rather limit ourselves to three of them: psychic, cognitive and verbal activity. Brought together they represent a basic hierarchal system of activities, laying a necessary ground for our experiment. The verbal activity is mainly realized by the dialogical self during the open verbal problem-solving. Its most distinctive feature is the use of language as the means and the speech as the form of generation and formulation of the human thought. Most researchers share the idea that the processes of speech generation and problem-solving consist of several phases (number varies from 2 to 6). The theoretical comparison of the psychological nature of these two processes brought us to the conclusion that we need to construct a special experimental method, comprising the open problem- solving and speech generation. The method of the transgressive open verbal problem-solving divides the unanimous cognitive productive process into four phases. The visual stimuli are used at the first two phases (plan), the central phase (realization) is exclusively verbal generation of the text, as well as the final phase (control) which consists of re-writing the end of the story. The binary qualitative and quantitative criteria of the analysis, which include the verbal productivity, flexibility, originality, were applied to the experimental verbal data and correlated with the personality data, and transitory psychic states data. The verbal activity is found to be realized in transgressive open problem-solving as a personal trait, reflecting the self's actual transitory states, reaching the descriptive, explanatory, and creative Levels.