Adam Mickiewicz University, Institute of Psychology, Poznan, Poland
CREATOR IN THE DIALOGUE BETWEEN SELF AND WORLD
The interactive-relational model views creativity in terms of complex relationships between the psychological and socio-culture elements of the creative process. Considered from a system approach, creativity is the relation between the individual, action and culture (Barron, 1988). Creativity is the dynamic process of forming one's creativity by moving in the world of culture determinants of creativity (Gardner, 1973,1983). Creativity is the process of mediation in the culture-community system between the creator and recipient. The creative process is also one of dialogue and mediation between a person and the product at every stage because the creator is not only the 'initiator'-maker of a product but also a recipient in the perception process of their own work of art. Creativity from a life-span perspective as the creative work of an individual is a long-range process of change, which both the individual and the work are subject to (Gruber, 1985; Gruber, Davis, 1988). Creativity is also construed as a process of auto-creation in which the creator continually forms their own identity in relation (in dialogue) to the recipient, culture and their own work. The interactive-relational nature of creativity facilitates reaching an understanding of it in terms of dialogue. This paper therefore presents various areas of dialogue taking place between the basic constituents of the creativity process: the person - the work - culture. Areas of dialogue are: (1) extrapolated from the concept of the 'dialogical self' (Hermans, Kempen, 1993) as the creator's notion of dialogue with himself; (2) the creator's process of dialogue with their own work; (3) the creator's dialogue with the recipient, that is, the culture-community system (occurring through the creator's active influence on the social model of criteria, standards and assessment).