HISTORY 362
                      SECOND MID-TERM EXAM
                        STUDY QUESTIONS

1. What factors and considerations led Lenin and the Bolsheviks
to implement the "New Economic Policy?" What were the main
components and implications of the NEP? What were its successes
and limitations? What impact did it have on the country, and on
the Communist Party? Why did some people consider it a betrayal
of Bolshevik principles? Explain.

2. Describe and discuss the revolutionary new culture that 
appeared in Soviet Russia during the 1920s, paying particular
attention to things like religion, education, the role of women, 
poetry, and film. What circumstances and factors led to the 
regimentation of Soviet culture in the 1930s? 

3. Carefully trace the rise of J. V. Stalin from obscurity to
prominence in the years 1921 to 1929. What factors and issues
enabled Stalin to predominate in the power struggle of the 1920s
over people like Trotsky, Kamenev, Zinoviev, and Bukharin? Why
did Stalin's opponents fail to stop him? Explain.

4. What considerations led Stalin to launch the Soviet Union on
the great industrialization and collectivization drive that began
with the first Five Year Plan? What were the major political,
social, economic and psychological consequences of this drive?
Explain.

5. What combination of circumstances and factors led to the Great
Purges of the 1930s? Why and how did the Soviet leaders initiate
a system of institutionalized terror, and who were its major
victims? What were the political, military, cultural, and social
impacts of these developments? Explain.

6. Sir Winston Churchill once described Soviet foreign policy as
"a mystery inside a riddle wrapped up in an enigma." Please help
Sir Winston to figure things out. Describe and discuss Soviet
attitudes and behavior with respect to: the Rapallo Treaty
(1922), "collective security" (1930s), the Sudetenland crisis
(1938), the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact (1939), and the activities 
of the Comintern (1920s and 1930s).