TURKISH AND ARAB NATIONALISM, 1920-1939

I. COLLAPSE OF THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE

   A. THE INVASIONS OF 1919

        1. CONGRESS OF ERZERUM, 23 JUL - 6 AUG

        2. NATIONAL PACT, 13 SEP

   B. MUSTAFA KEMAL

        1. PROVISIONAL PRESIDENT, 1920

            a. REJECTION OF SEVRES

            b. ADRIANOPLE, 25 JULY 1920

        2. FUNDAMENTAL LAW, JANUARY 1921

            a. POPULAR SOVEREIGNTY

            b. MANHOOD SUFFRAGE

            c. RESPONSIBLE MINISTRY

            d. POWERFUL PRESIDENT

        3. TREATY WITH USSR, MARCH 1921

        4. RECAPTURE OF SMYRNA, 1922

        5. ABOLITION OF THE SULTANATE, 1 NOV 22

        6. TREATY OF LAUSANNE, 1923

   C. MUSTAFA KEMAL "ATATURK"

        1. TURKISH REPUBLIC, 29 OCT 23

        2. SECULAR LEGISLATION

            a. DIVORCE

            b. MONOGAMY

            c. FEZ, VEILING

            d. CIVIL MARRIAGE

            e. NO STATE RELIGION

            f. LATIN ALPHABET

        3. CONSTANTINOPLE = ISTANBUL, 1930

        4. LEAGUE OF NATIONS, 1932

II. SYRIA (INCLUDING LEBANON)

   A. FRENCH MANDATE

        1. EMIR FAISAL, 1918; KING, 1920

            a. DETHRONEMENT

        2. DRUSE REVOLT, 1925-1927

        3. FRANCO-SYRIAN TREATY, 1936

III. PALESTINE AND TRANSJORDANIA

   A. BRITISH MANDATE

        1. BALFOUR DECLARATION

        2. ANTI-JEWISH RIOTS, 1921

   B. EMIR ABDULLAH, 1923

        1. INDEPENDENCE OF TRANSJORDANIA, 1928

   C. SHAW COMMISSION, 1930

    D. CRISIS OF 1936

        1. ARAB HIGH COMMITTEE

            a. HAJ AMIN EL HUSSEINI

        2. PEEL COMMISSION

        3. ARAB INSURRECTION, 1938

IV. SAUDI ARABIA

   A. CIVIL WAR

        1. HUSSEIN, SHARIF OF MECCA: HIJAZ

        2. ABD'EL AZIZ IBN SAUD: NEJD

             a. WAHHABISM

             b. 1926: KING OF HIJAZ & NEJD

             c. 1932: SAUDI ARABIA

   B. PETROLEUM

        1. CHARLES CRANE, KARL TWITCHELL

       2. CHEVRON: JABAL AL DHAHRAN, 1938

V. IRAQ

   A. BRITISH MANDATE UNTIL 1927

   B. EMIR FAISAL, KING 1921-1933

   C. GHAZI, 1933-1939

   D. FAISAL II, 1939-1958

VI. PERSIA

   A. ANGLO-PERSIAN AGREEMENT, 1919

   B. REZA KHAN'S COUP, 1921

        1. TREATY WITH USSR

        2. REZA SHAH PAHLAVI, 1925

        3. IRAN, 1935

        4. ORIENTAL ENTENTE, 1937

VII. NORTH AFRICA

   A. RIF WAR, 1921-1926: ABD'EL KRIM

   B. ITALY SUBDUES LIBYA, 1930

   C. ALGERIA: STAR MOVEMENT (MESSALI HADJ)

   D. MOROCCAN-TUNISIAN RAILWAY, 1933

   E. POPULAR FRONT, 1936