HISTORY 362: FIRST MID-TERM EXAM STUDY QUESTIONS 1. What major difficulties faced the government and society of Russia during the early reign of Nicholas II? Describe and evaluate the efforts of ministers like Witte and Stolypin to solve these problems. In what ways were these attempts successful? What problems did they create? Explain. 2. The Russian Revolution of 19O5 has been called a "dress rehearsal" for the "February" Revolution of 1917. Compare and contrast the developments leading up to each of these revolutions and the government's response to them. Why did the tsarist government manage to survive the 19O5 Revolution, but fail to survive the one in 1917? Explain. 3. Describe and discuss the foreign policies of the Russian Empire from 1900 to 1914. What combination of circumstances, factors and tactics led to Russian involvement in the Russo-Japanese War, and to Russian involvement in World War I? Why did the Russians fare so poorly in these wars? Explain. 4. What combination of circumstances, factors, policies and tactics contributed to the failure of the Provisional Government and the seizure of power by the Bolsheviks in 1917? Based on your reading of Sheila Fitzpatrick's The Russian Revolution, and your own analysis of events in 1917, why did Lenin and the Bolsheviks succeed where the Provisional Government had failed? Explain. 5. Describe and discuss the major policies pursued by the Bolsheviks in the first few years after their seizure of power. What considerations and circumstances led them to implement these policies? How and why did they manage to retain power and defeat the forces arrayed against them during these years? Explain.