| PSY 101
Sensation & Perception:
Vision II (Outline)
Perceiving Forms, Patterns, and Objects
What do you see?
• reversible figure
• perception has an interpretive (subjective) quality.
• "perceptual set" -- a readiness to perceive or see a stimulus in a particular kind of way.
Inattentional Blindness: The failure to see clearly visible objects if
one's attention is directed or focused on something else
Gestalt Principles: Looking at the Whole Picture
• 1912 German
psychologist Max Wertheimer described the Phi
• 1920s-1930s Gestalt Psychology (Gestalt
is the German word for "figure" or "form")
Gestalt Perceptual Rules (in-built rules
for interpreting visual data)
A. Figure vs. Ground
("Law of Pragnanz")
Perceiving Depth & Distance
A. Binocular Cues
B. Monocular Cues