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          Homepage]  PSY 101 Psychology in General



How well do you know psychology already?
Take 10-item True/False "Conceptions of Psychology" quiz which has questions taken from many different areas of psychology.

Score Quiz (Fr. Hevern will provide the right answers)

Discuss results and implications of quiz


Psychology's Modern History:
The 5 Most Important Concerns & Trends in Psychology
since 1945
(pp. 11-15 in text)

1. Emergence of Clinical Psychology & other fields of "Applied" Psychology as a Profession after World War II
  • About 400 Clinical Psychologists in 1940 --> 10,000 Clinical Psychologists in 1970
  • 40,000 psychiatric patients in Veterans Adminstration hospitals after World War II
  • Psychologists began to do both therapy as well as psychological testing in VA Hospitals
  • Applied psychology's other fields, e.g.,: school psych, industrial/organizational psych, counseling psych, forensic psych
2. Booming Interests in
  • How We Think (= Cognitive Psychology)
    • Cognition = our mental processes involved in acquiring knowledge

  • The Relationship between Brain & Behavior (= Physiological Psychology)
3. Psychology Opens Up to the Whole World:
      The Move to Cultural Diversity in Research

  • Psychology's roots have been Western, that is, European & North American culture
  • Little attention paid to other cultures until the second half of the 20th century (1950s until today)
  • Much greater attention to impact of culture on human behavior
    • Transportation & communication links grow
    • Multiple ethnic make-up of Western world

[World Population 2002
                    proportionate to actual population]
4. The Emergence of Evolutionary Psychology
= Study of behavioral processes as having adaptive value for members of a species over the course of many generations.

The discovery of the DNA molecule as the basis for hereditary transmission of  genetic information by James Watson & Francis Crick in 1953 opened science to understanding heredity in a new way.

Originally, "Evolutionary Psychology" was developed as "sociobiology" by the Harvard biologist, E. O. Wilson (the world's expert on ants!) in the 1970s. Now, it is a major subfield of study by psychologists as well as biologists.

[E. O. Wilson]   [DNA
                    Molecule]
5. Psychology Moves in a Positive Direction

"Positive Psychology" = the use of theory and research to better understand the positive, adaptive, creative, and fulfilling aspects of human life.


Lead by Martin Seligman, Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi, and Barbara Frederickson
[Martin Seligman 2007
                    APA Convention]

Fields of Psychology: What do psychologists do?


[Employment Settings]


[Professional Specialties]


[Research Areas]