| PSY 101
Social Behavior I: Person Perception
& Attribution [Outline]
Social Psychology: How an individual's thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are influenced by others.
Perception: Forming Impressions of Others
What factors go into the way we perceive or judge people?
A. Effects of Physical Appearance
= widely-held beliefs (within a specific culture) that people of a certain group have certain characteristics
C. Subjectivity in Person Perception
- Confirmation bias
- Illusory Correlations
D. Evolutionary Perspective
- "In Group" versus "Out Group" members
Attribution Processes: Explaining Behavior (to ourselves)
= Inferences (conclusions or beliefs) people draw about the cause of events and their own and others' behaviors
A. Internal vs. External Attributions
B. Success or Failure Attributions: Stable vs. Unstable Causes
Dimension 2 (Stability) Unstable
(Self or Not)
Internal Mood, Feeling
"I've been worried about some stuff at home and it interfered with my last job rating."
"They realized that I don't have the skills necessary for the job"
External Luck, Chance
"The company had to lay off employees because the economy is in a dip these days"
Changes in the World
"The jobs have moved overseas and the company can't afford American workers any more."
C. Biases in Attributions
1. Actor-Observer Bias
Actor = the one doing something (acting)
Observer = the one watching someone else (observing)
Fundamental Attribution Error (? the most important theory in social psychology)
In general, actors favor external attributions while observers favor internal attributions
2. Self-Serving Bias (giving yourself the benefit of the doubt)
D. Culture & Attributions
Grey = Not Surved
Cultures defined by Harry Triandis (above, left) as
- versus Japan's "self-effacing" bias
What are the ties like between individuals?
- "Loosely bonded" cultures (Individualist) vs.
- "Tightly bonded" cultures (Collectivist)
This page was originally posted on 11/05/03 and last updated on November 5, 2016