|PSY 101 Motivation III: Emotions|
Elements of Emotional Experience
What is an "emotion"?
- thinking (cognition/feeling), experiencing (body/nervous system reactions) and doing (behaviors), all at the same time.
- Affective Forecasting
- Autonomic Nervous System
- Neural Circuits
- Joseph LeDoux's work at NYU on fear/anxiety & the central role of the amygdala in signalling threat
- Facial Feedback Hypothesis
- Botulinum Toxin (BOTOX)
- Are these behaviors innate?
|Culture and Emotion|
Are emotional expressions perceived the same way all over the world?
Paul Ekman: happiness, sadness, anger, fear, disgust, and surprise .
- Sadness: none in Tahiti
- Depression: none in China, among Yoruba (Nigeria)
- Anxiety: none among Eskimos (Inuit people)
- Nonverbal Expression & Display Rules
|Theories of Emotions|
Popular or "Commonsense"
Stanley Schachter's Two-Factor Theory
Evolutionary Theories of Emotion
- Darwin believed that emotions as expressed facially & vocally had adaptive value,
Modern evolutionary theories (Silvan Tomkins, Carroll Izard, & Robert Plutchik)
- See emotions as mostly inborn or innate reactions or responses to stimuli
- Link expression of emotions to subcortical brain structures, particularly the amygdala of the limbic system
- limited number of basic, primary, or fundamental emotions
- Plutchik"s Trust, anger, anticipation, disgust, joy, fear, sadness, surprise