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                Images] Development 2: Cognitive Development - Piaget & Vygotsky

 Piaget: Cognitive Development

 [Jean
                        Piaget]

 Jean Piaget (1896-1980) - Swiss Cognitive Psychologist

  • Interested in the reasoning for wrong answers by children in testing
  • Concerned with how children use their intelligence
  • Children as active explorers of environment

[Piaget's Stages
              of Cognitive Development]

Piaget's Stages in a YouTube Video (6.17)

Critique

The Abilities of Children: Are they inborn?


 [Vygotsky]

[Vygotsky Thought & Language
                        1934/1962] Lev Vygotsky (1896-1934) - Soviet Cognitive Psychologist
 
(NOT IN TEXT, BUT IMPORTANT)

  • Primary architect of the Sociocultural Theory of Cognitive Development during the 1920s-1930s
    • Not well known in West until the 1960s-1980s because of the closed nature of the Soviet government
  • Child is partner in constant social interactions with parents, teachers, & older children
  • Cognitive skills develop in response to cultural resources, for example, language skills are taught in literate cultures via schools vs. non-literate cultures which rely upon conversation
  • Expertise is learned via apprenticeship with instructor helping student develop skill at the border between what is known & not known (Zone of Proximal Development or ZPD)
  • Language is the crucial element in cognitive development
  • Speech is first public and social. It is later internalized to become private speech (as spoken thoughts inside our heads) as young child gets older


Resource

 


First posted 10/8/03. Last updated October 12, 2016