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Page last updated January 25, 2018

What primary jobs do people hold with different degrees in psychology?
(cont'd from last class)

Primary Jobs-BachelorsPrimary Job - Master's
Primary degree - DoctorateComparison of Jobs across

Consider the issue about myths in Psychology raised in our last class and one particular myth:

Myth #18 Students Learn Best When Teaching Styles Are Matched to Their Learning Styles
(Lilienfeld et al., 2009)

There are many many books published which promote the notion of learning/teaching styles

        Styles Books

Proponents of this myth will offer helpful advice like this:

Learning Styles

But, for psychologists who study the idea(s) put forward such as learning or teaching styles, they will ask some very direct questions. Based upon Christian Jarrett's (2015) article in WIRED, consider the following questions and responses:

Jarrett (2015) points out that in the United Kingdom, 96% of teachers believe in the notion of learning styles and teaching styles. In the United States, there are probably just as many who do so, too. Psychology as both a science and a profession claims that popular ideas are not necessarily true ideas. Rather, as we will look at below, they need to be grounded in good research and be proven to be helpful. 

Seven Unifying Themes in our Psychology Textbook (pp. 18-22)

Psychology as a Field of Study

One: Psychology is empirical  ("empirical" = knowledge gained from observation of the real world)

Two: Psychology is theoretically diverse

Three: Psychology evolves in a social-historical context

The Subject Matter of Psychology

Four: Behavior is determined by multiple causes

Five: Behavior is shaped by cultural heritage

Six: Heredity and environment jointly influence behavior

Seven: Our experience of the world is highly subjective

Visual illusions (Michael Bach, Universitäts-Augenklinik Freiburg)

Cassidy, S. (2004). Learning styles: An overview of theories, models, and measures. Educational Psychology, 24(4), 419-444. http://www.acdowd-designs.com/sfsu_860_11/LS_OverView.pdf

Jarrett, C. (2015, January 5). All you need to know about the 'learning styles' myth, in two minutes. WIRED. https://www.wired.com/2015/01/need-know-learning-styles-myth-two-minutes/

Kirschner, P. A., & Merriënboer, J. J. G. van. (2013). Do learners really know best? Urban legends in education, Educational Psychologist, 48(3), 169-183, doi: 10.1080/00461520.2013.804395

Lilienfeld, S. O., Lynn, S. J., Ruscio, J., & Beyerstein, B. L. (2009). 50 great myths of popular psychology: Shattering widespread misconceptions about human behavior. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell. 

Pashler, H., McDaniel, M., Rohrer, D., & Bjork, R. (2008). Learning styles: Concepts and evidence. Psychological Science int he Public Interest, 9(3), 105-119. http://www.psychologicalscience.org/journals/pspi/PSPI_9_3.pdf