|PSY 101 Treatment of Psychological D/Os I: General Issues & Verbal (Insight) Therapies|
The Western notion of "Psychotherapy" began at the turn of the 20th century with Sigmund Freud.
To this day, we often think of the treatment of psychological disorders as an extension of Freud's work. But, in actuality, there are many alternative ways of treatment besides the psychoanalyst's couch and talking about dreams!
Many would say that the 1990s brought a new approach to the treatment of psychological disorders in the experience of many Americans: the widespread use of medications (drugs) which require very little professional time (which is costly) and can be easily administered.
|Treatment: General Issues|
There are at least 400 recognized forms of "therapy" for the treatment of mental disorders. These represent one or more of the following general modalities of treatment
- Insight Therapies: Treatment by thinking
- Psychoanalysis & Psychodynamic Psychotherapy
- Client-Centered Therapy
- Cognitive Therapy
- Behavior Therapies: Treatment by doing (learning)
- Biomedical Therapies: Treatment by affecting the body
- Psychiatric Social Worker
- Other professionals: psychiatric nursing, counselors, marriage and family therapists, clergy, drug counselors and others
|Verbal (Insight) Therapies|
Psychoanalysis -- Developed by Sigmund Freud and his followers from 1900 to the present
Goal: Uncover the unconscious origins of psychological (and many physical) disorders -- the conflicts, motives, memories, and defenses of which the patient is unaware -- by techniques such as free association, transference, and dream analysis.
Probing the Unconsicous
- Free Association
- Dream Analysis: An examination of the
- manifest or recalled content of a dream
- hidden (latent) and symbolic meaning of the dream
Contemporary Psychodynamic Therapy
Client Centered Therapy - Developed by Carl Rogers in the late 1940s and 1950s
Provide the client with a supportive emotional environment in which clients can grow and develop in healthy, individual directions.
- Conditions of Worth
Therapist provides the client with three essential emotional supports:
- Unconditional Positive Regard
- Accurate Empathy
Cognitive Therapy - Developed by several therapists including Aaron Beck (on right) in the 1960s and 1970s.
-help the client identify, challenge, and change maladaptive beliefs and negative thinking.
The therapist works with the client
- to identify automatic negative thinking
- to substitute more reasonable forms of thinking
This page was originally posted on 12/01/03 and last updated on 12/06/06