|PSY 101 Psychological Disorders II: Mood Disorders (1)|
Central Issues: Disturbance in Emotion (Sadness or Melancholy vs. Elation & Excitement)
Some Recent Trends
Affective-Emotional Symptoms Cognitive Symptoms Motor & Physiological Symptoms Pole I: Depressive Episode Sadness, Hopelessness, Despair, Withdrawal, Irritability & Anger (esp. Adolesc.) Slowness in thinking; Negative Triad (self, world, future), self-blame, guilt, suicidal thoughts Inactivity, Sleep disturbance, lowered sexual interests & activity Pole II: Manic Episode Elation, euphoria, social intensity & engaged, irritability & "thin skinned" Racing thoughts (flight of ideas), grandiosity, extreme self-confidence, impulsive (ill-considered actions)
Tirelessness, hyperactive, increased sexual interest & activity, talkative
Major Depressive Disorder (Unipolar)
Etiology (Causes) of Mood Disorder
Biological (Genetic) Vulnerabilities
- Neurotransmitters: norepinepherine (NE) and serotonin (5-HT) are thought to be involved in depressive disorder.
- SSRIs (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors) e.g. Prozac, Zoloft
- We have no theory to account for the manic phase of bipolar disorder
- Martin Seligman's Theories of Learned Helplessness & Hopelessness
- Learned Helplessness
- Hopelessness Theory .
This page was originally posted on 11/19/03 and last updated on 11/28/06