|PSY 101 Psychological Disorders I: Abnormality, Diagnosis, Anxiety Disorders|
We will look at a film excerpt from Bellevue: Inside Out
- Connie (The "neuropsychiatrist" and "computer programmer")
- Jamie ("I'm manic-depressive, have HIV, am an alcoholic and a drug addict"))
- Brian ("The medications don't work")
Consider the following two questions about these three people:
What did you see/hear which was "abnormal"?
How did the people at the hospital treat them?
Abnormal Behavior: Is It A Disease?
"The Medical Model"
What other models are there?
Demonic Possession Deficient Problem Solving
Thomas Szasz, MD (left)
Abnormal Behavior: What Does "Abnormal" Mean?
Psychology uses the word "abnormal" in 3 different ways:
1. Deviance (Unusual; Contrary to norms of society)
2. Maladaptive Behavior
3. Personal Distress
Psychodiagnosis: Classifying Disorders
1952 Publication of the first DSM (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders) by the American Psychiatric Association. The DSM provides a description of each type of mental disorder (symptoms, prognosis, associated features, etc.)
Five Diagnosic "Axes" in the DSM (from DSM-III to today)
What do psychiatrists write down when they give a diagnosis?
I. Clinical Syndromes
II. Personality Disorders or Mental Retardation
III. Medical Conditions
IV. Psychosocial & Environmental Problems
V. Global Assessment of Function (GAF) Scale
Central Issue in Anxiety Disorders => Fear - Apprehension - Anxiety
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Panic Disorder & Agoraphobia Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
Some Common Phobias
Animals = Zoophobia
Closed spaces = Claustrophobia
Crossing bridges = Gephyrophobia
Death or dying = Thantaophobia
Heights = Acrophobia
Snakes = Ophidiophobia
Spiders = Arachnophobia
Storms = Brontophobia
Number 13 = Triskaidecaphobia
Etiology (= Causes): Where do Anxiety Disorders come from?
2. Conditioning & Learning (Experiences in living)
3. Cognitive Factors
4. Personality: Neuroticism
This page was originally posted on 11/17/03 and last updated on 11/26/06