|Psychodynamic = Psychoanalytic (Freudian) Theory - Part II|
Anxiety and Defense Mechanisms
Conflict leads to Anxiety leads to the use of Defense Mechanisms
Defense Mechanisms are mostly unconscious strategies by which individuals are protected from anxiety and neurotic guilt.
Forms of Defense Mechanisms
- Repression = thoughts, feelings, & desires which are distressful are kept completely unconscious
- Projection = attributing one's own unconscious feelings, thoughts, or motives to another person
- Displacement = redirecting your emotional feelings such as anger or love from an original target to a substitute target
- Reaction Formation = acting in ways that are the opposite of the way you actually would wish to act
- Regression = falling back to earlier or more immature ways of responding
- Identification = Forming a real or imagined alliance with someone else or a group for the purpose of fortifying or strengthing self-esteem
Psychosexual Stages of Development
Fixation or Gratification
Stage Age Erotic Focus Oral Birth-1 Mouth: Sucking, feeding, biting Anal 2-3 Anus: Expelling or retaining feces Phallic 4-5 Genitals: Masturbatory stimulation Latency 6-12 None (repression of sexual feelings) Genital From onset of puberty Genitals: Sexual intimacy & intercourse
This page was originally posted on 10/27/03 and last updated on 10/27/03.