|PSY 101 Personality I: The Big Five and Psychoanalysis|
Think of some of the most vivid individuals in contemporary life What are/were they like? Why are/were they like this?
In their behavior, human beings tend to be
|Trait Theory: The "Big Five"|
Robert McCrae Paul Costa
Neuroticism Non-Neurotic Extroversion Introversion Openness to Experience Closed-mindedness Agreeableness Disagreeableness,unpleasant Conscientiousness Unconscientious, lazy, undependable
|Psychoanalytic (Freudian) Theory|
Sigmund Freud (1856-1939)
- Vienna, Austria
- Physician specializing in neurology. Saw many "hysterical" patients with vague symptoms & complaints.
- Developed "psychoanalysis" in 1890s & 1900s.
Structure of the Personality
Freud actually had TWO (2) different but complementary theories of how we as persons are constituted. One is a structural model and the second is a "level of consciousness" model.
- Id -- Energy (Libido & Agression) -- Pleasure Principle -- Primary Process Thinking - like a "2 year old"
- Ego -- Reality Principle -- Secondary Process Thinking -- Struggles with Id, Superego, & Demands of the World -- like an "Adult Executive"
- Superego -- Perfection Principle -- mostly unconscious -- like an "uncompromising 7-year-old"
Levels of Awareness (or Consciousness) Model
- Conscious = What we are currently aware of (thoughts, memories, desires, goals, etc.) at any particular point of time
- Preconscious = What we can easily become aware of (memories, etc.) which are just below the surface of consiousness
- Unconscious = What we cannot easily become aware of (thoughts, memories, desires, urges, goals etc.) that are deeply buried beneath the surface but which continue to exert significant control on our behavior
Conflict: Sex and Aggression
- Libido -- a sexualized energy (unite, come together)
- Aggression -- a destructive energy (divide, break apart)
Psychosexual Stages of Development
Stage Age Erotic Focus Experiences Oral Birth-1 Mouth: Sucking, feeding, biting Experience of mother's breast; weaning Anal 2-3 Anus: Expelling or retaining feces Toilet Training Phallic 4-5 Genitals: Masturbatory stimulation Oedipal Crisis: Identification with same-sex parent Latency 6-12 None (repression of sexual feelings) Learning in school and social contact with outside world Genital From onset of puberty Genitals: Sexual intimacy & intercourse Developing capacity for Love and Work (Lieben und Arbeiten)
This page was originally posted on 10/24/03 and last updated on 10/31/06.