[Home]   PSY 101    [Psychology Images] Personality I: The Big Five and Psychoanalysis

Think of some of the most vivid individuals in contemporary life


What are/were they like?   Why are/were they like this?


In their behavior, human beings tend to be

Trait Theory: The "Big Five"

Robert McCrae     Paul Costa

Neuroticism    Non-Neurotic
Extroversion     Introversion
Openness to Experience    Closed-mindedness
Agreeableness    Disagreeableness,unpleasant
Conscientiousness    Unconscientious, lazy, undependable


Psychoanalytic (Freudian) Theory



Sigmund Freud (1856-1939)

Structure of the Personality

Model of PersonalityFreud actually had TWO (2) different but complementary theories of how we as persons are constituted. One is a structural model and the second is a "level of consciousness" model.

Structural Model


Levels of Awareness (or Consciousness) Model

Conflict: Sex and Aggression

  • Libido -- a sexualized energy (unite, come together)
  • Aggression -- a destructive energy (divide, break apart)

Psychosexual Stages of Development

Age Erotic Focus Experiences
Oral    Birth-1 Mouth: Sucking, feeding, biting Experience of mother's breast; weaning
Anal   2-3  Anus: Expelling or retaining feces Toilet Training
Phallic 4-5 Genitals: Masturbatory stimulation Oedipal Crisis: Identification with same-sex parent
 Latency 6-12 None (repression of sexual feelings) Learning in school and social contact with outside world
 Genital  From onset of puberty Genitals: Sexual intimacy & intercourse Developing capacity for Love and Work (Lieben und Arbeiten)

This page was originally posted on 10/24/03 and last updated on 10/31/06.