Think of some of the most vivid individuals in contemporary life
What are/were they like? Why are/were they like this?
In their behavior, human beings tend to be
|Trait Theory: The "Big Five"|
Robert McCrae Paul Costa
Neuroticism Non-Neurotic Extroversion Introversion Openness to Experience Closed-mindedness Agreeableness Disagreeableness,unpleasant Conscientiousness Unconscientious, lazy, undependable
|Psychoanalytic (Freudian) Theory|
Sigmund Freud (1856-1939)
- Psychoanalysis arising from practice of neurology
Structure of the Personality
(Latin for "It")
- Operates according to the Pleasure Principle: the demand for instant gratification of all its urges
- Employs Primary-Process Thinking which is characterized as primitive, illogical, irrational, and directed toward fantasy.
(Latin for "I")
- Operates according to the Reality Principle: that behavior accord with what the world accepts (requires delay of gratification & often a modification of how urges are met)
- Employs Secondary-Process Thinking which is characterized as developed, logical, reasonable, and directed toward what is real.
(Latin for "Above I")
- Operates according to the Perfection Principle which requires that behavior be morally perfect or be punished
Levels of Awareness (Consciousness)
- What we are currently aware of (thoughts, memories, desires, goals, etc.) at any particular point of time
- What we can easily become aware of (memories, etc.) which are just below the surface of consiousness
- What we cannot easily become aware of (thoughts, memories, desires, urges, goals etc.) that are deeply buried beneath the surface but which continue to exert significant control on our behavior
Conflict: Sex and Aggression
This page was originally posted on 10/24/03 and last updated on 10/24/03.