|Culture and Emotion|
Are emotional expressions perceived the same way all over the world? Paul Ekman's used photographs of happiness, sadness, anger, fear, disgust, and surprise to study this question.
- Words. Some cultures have no words for certain Western emotions
- Nonverbal Expression
- Display rules, that is, standards for how and when external emotional expression may take place, may be different
|Theories of Emotions|
Popular or "Commonsense"
Stanley Schachter's Two-Factor Theory
Evolutionary Theories of Emotion
emotions => adaptive value => aid in an animal's survival
Modern evolutionary theories
- Emotions are
- limited or basic
- Robert Plutchik's Basic Emotions: Trust, anger, anticipation, disgust, joy, fear, sadness, surprise
- Other emotions = mixtures or basic emotions at lower or higher levels of intensity
- Diagram of Plutchik's Theory [LMC only]
This page was originally posted on 10/21/03 and last updated on 10/20/06.