IRL 421 - Comparative Industrial Relations

Definitions: India

Adjudication - arbitration of a compulsory nature performed by an industry or national tribunal.

AITUC - All-India Trade Union Congress - the oldest central union body, was affiliated with the Soviet-oriented Communist Party of India.

BJP - Bharatiya Janata Party - a "Hindu nationalist" political party which grew rapidly in the late 1980s and early 1990s and became the largest party in the governing coalition in the late 1990s.

BMS - Bharatiya Mazdoor Sangh - One of the largest central union bodies in India. It has a "Hindu nationalist" orientation.

CITU - Center of Indian Trade Unions - the central trade union body that traditionally was affiliated with the Chinese-oriented Indian Communist Party.

Dearness Allowance - a component of wages that reflects changes in prices.

Employers' Federation of India - the most important employer umbrella
organization dealing with industrial-relations issues.

Gherao - a conflict tactic in which the manager is essentially held hostage in her/his office until concessions are made.

HMS - Hind Mazdoor Sabha - One of the largest central union bodies in India. It supports various socialist parties.

Indian National Congress - the group which led the Indian independence movement and became the most importan t political party in the post - independence period, the Congress Party.

Infrastructure - permanent capital structures which contribute to economic ouput. Examples include dams, reservoirs, roads and railways.

INTUC - India National Trade Union Congress - the central union body affiliated with the Congress  Party.