IRL 101 - Definitions - Unions and Collective Bargaining

Appropriate Bargaining Units- groups of employees deemed suitable by the National Labor Relations Board to decide whether or not to have union representation

Arbitration- the inter vention of an impartial third party into a dispute where that party has the power to make a binding resolution of the dispute

Bargaining Power- a party's ability to move the other party's bargaining position closer to its own

Blacklist- the circulation to other employers of the name of union sympathizers so that they will be unable to find work

Business Cycle- the regular expansions and contractions of economic activity

Capitalism- an economic system based on private property and markets

Check Off- a part of the collective bargaining agreement which provides for the automatic deduction of union dues from the pay of employees who agree to allow it

Collective Bargaining- the joint determination of work rules by representatives of labor and management

Cooperation- an economic enterprise jointly owned by its workers or customers

Craft Unions- unions which organize workers in a single occupation or set of occupations

Doctrin e of Criminal Conspiracy- the position that for workers to band together is illegal even when their intent is to do things which would be legal if done individually

Good Faith Bargaining- the requirement that unions and management approach negotiations with a genuine desire to overcome their differences and to reach agreement

Grievance Procedure- the provision of a collective bargaining agreement which deals with how disputes over the application of that agreement will be handled

Industrial Unions- unions which organize workers who produce a single product or set of products

Injunctions- court orders to a person or persons to do or to cease doing some particular thing. Often used in the past to end strikes

Matters of Interest- issues which arise in the negotiation of a collective bargaining agreement

Matters of Right- issues which arise in the enforcement of a collective bargaining agreement

Mediation- the intervention of an impartial thir d party into a dispute for the purpose of assisting the disputing parties in reaching their own agreement

Open Shop- an arrangement in which in principle employees are hired without regard to union status. In practice, such shops often discriminate against union sympathizers

Outsourcing- contracting out work previously performed within the organization to lower-cost outside organizations

Shop Steward- a voluntary part-time union officer at the shop floor level who is the link between members and the local union. This person often is responsible to "police" the application of the collective bargaini ng agreement

Sit-down Strikes- industrial action in which the employees cease work but also refuse to leave the workplace

Union Density- the percentage of the labor force or of total employment belonging to unions

Union Security Agreement- a collective bargaining provision which involves mandatory membership in the union or payments to it

Voluntarism- the philosophy that the interests of workers are best served not by government assistance but by voluntary collective bargaining with employers through unions

Yellow Dog Contract- a provision of an employment contract in which the worker agrees that he/she is not a union member and will not become one