All examinations in CJS 101 will consist primarily of very very short essays (just a couple of sentences). This includes both quizzes and the final examination. There will never be multiple choice, fill-in-the-blank, or true-false questions. In every case, there will be a limited amount of space to write your answers and you are required to limit your answers to the amount of space provided (i.e. don't write more lines than you are given and don't go outside the margins). There are penalties for exceeding the space. On quizzes you get about ten lines for each answer so in effect you are limited to somewhere between two and four sentences. There will be one longer essay question on the final examination. You will be able to write about three pages for that answer. The final examination will be comprehensive covering all material since the beginning of the semester.


Quiz Policies: Quizzes cover material from assigned chapter readings in the text book or any other required reading on the same topic. Quiz questions are quite specific and you will not be able to answer them correctly unless you have read the chapter or other articles carefully, taken detailed notes, and studied those notes carefully. Just a quick reading of the assignment will not suffice. Below are questions that actually appeared on the quizzes last semester.

Students are not permitted to take a quiz for credit unless they stay for the entire class. If they leave early, the quiz will not count.

Any quizzes that you miss can be made up during the final examination, and not at any other time. In addition, students may replace up to three quiz grades by retaking those quizzes during the final examination.

Sample quiz questions:

Sample Question 1: According to Barkan and Bryjak what has been the impact of increased immigration on U.S. crime rates?  Explain.

Sample Question 2: According to Schmidle (“Three Trials for Murder”) how does the military trial of Tim Hennis for the Eastburn murders and rape challenge the intentions of the framers of the constitution?  Explain.

Sample Question 3: According to Barkan and Bryjak African-American youths and other minorities are greatly overrepresented in the juvenile justice system.  Does this reflect the greater likelihood that minority youth will be involved in crime or does it represent racial discrimination or does it represent both?  Explain.

Sample mid-term and final exam questions: The final exam questions that correspond to the quizzes will have exactly the same form as the quizzes that were given during the semester. The four sample questions below (which do not correspond to the quizzes) all appeared on the mid-term or final examination last semester and this style of question will appear on both the mid-term and the final exam again this semester. The last is an example of the "long essay" type question which will appear at the end of the final examination.

Sample Question 1. What does it mean to say that crime is a social construct?  Explain and provide examples.

Sample Question 2. Why was the “mafia myth” so easy to establish and so hard to eradicate in the United States?  Explain.

Sample Question 3. What is the “exclusionary rule?” What purpose does it serve and what impact does it have on trials?  Explain.

Sample Question 4.Our criminal justice system is designed to provide equal justice for all.  How successful is it at meeting that goal?  In particular, can you identify ways in which the poor and minorities are not treated equally by the system?  Explain and provide examples including at least three relating to three different myths about crime and the criminal justice system.